Neuropsychiatric

Unique Chemical Signature in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Identified

Unique Chemical Signature in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Identified

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This study provides the first comprehensive, quantitative demonstration of the metabolomic deficiencies in chronic fatigue syndrome.

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Researchers used MRI to detect variations in neural connections among earthquake survivors.

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

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Acute exposure to ethanol led to antidepressant and anxiolytic behaviors in rodents for up to 24 hours.

HIV and Psychiatric Illness Comorbidity

HIV and Psychiatric Illness Comorbidity

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Both men and women with HIV were more likely to experience comorbid psychiatric conditions than their peers without an HIV diagnosis.

CDC Guidelines on Opioids: Reaction from the American Academy of Pain Management

CDC Guidelines on Opioids: Reaction from the American Academy of Pain Management

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Dr Twillman, Executive Director for the American Academy of Pain Management, emphasizes the fact that CDC guidelines on opioids are expert- and not evidence-based.

Brief OCD Screener Effective for Use in Children of Various Ages

Brief OCD Screener Effective for Use in Children of Various Ages

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Analysis revealed that the brief OCD screener predicted OCD with an accuracy rate of higher than 90%.

Effectiveness of Psychoeducational Intervention for Individuals Experiencing Fear of Cancer Recurrence

Effectiveness of Psychoeducational Intervention for Individuals Experiencing Fear of Cancer Recurrence

Researchers conducted a randomized controlled trial to examine the efficacy of a psychoeducational intervention to reduce fear of cancer recurrence.

Various Perinatal Factors Increase OCD Risk

Various Perinatal Factors Increase OCD Risk

Despite intense research efforts and recent advances in understanding the condition, the exact etiology of OCD remains largely undefined.

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

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Researchers conducted an fMRI study of decision-making under conditions of risk and ambiguity in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Low Levels of Vitamin D in Patients With Bipolar Disorder

Low Levels of Vitamin D in Patients With Bipolar Disorder

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Approximately 2.5% of people worldwide are estimated to have bipolar spectrum disorders, which are a significant cause of neuropsychiatric disability.

Alcohol Use Disorder Drug Shows Promise

Alcohol Use Disorder Drug Shows Promise

CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

In 2016, an estimated 5.4 million US adults have Alzheimer disease.

Anorexia Nervosa and the Compulsive Exercise Test

Anorexia Nervosa and the Compulsive Exercise Test

Exercise time per day is associated with a higher Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) global score in adults with anorexia.

Haloperidol in the Emergency Department Setting

Haloperidol in the Emergency Department Setting

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Dr. Scott Zeller suggests it is time to move away from emergency intramuscular haloperidol.

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

Association Between Poor Physical Health and Suicide Among Elderly Men

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The extent or severity of physical ailments and functional impairment needs to be carefully examined in order to successfully prevent suicide in late life.

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

Study Identifies Psychological Processes Underlying Sleep-Suicide Link

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Suicide prevention strategies should include the provision of nighttime services.

Delusions in Schizophrenia Associated With Myelin Abnormalities, Neuroinflammation

Delusions in Schizophrenia Associated With Myelin Abnormalities, Neuroinflammation

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Study provides further evidence for the effects of white matter fiber abnormalities and neuroinflammation on positive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia.

Big Data, Big Psychiatry — Big Potential?

Big Data, Big Psychiatry — Big Potential?

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You have probably heard the term 'Big Data' being bandied around, but what does it actually mean for the psychiatry sector? Dr Nicola Davies explains what Big Data is, before exploring how it's currently being applied within psychiatry.

Searching for Novel Endophenotypic Markers for Bipolar Disorder

Searching for Novel Endophenotypic Markers for Bipolar Disorder

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Intra-subject variability in reaction time (ISVRT) is viewed as a promising behavioral endophenotype for bipolar disorder.

Gene Sets Altered Across Brain Regions in Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder & MDD

Gene Sets Altered Across Brain Regions in Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder & MDD

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Until now, the majority of postmortem research that has examined functionally related gene sets has been limited to a single disorder or region of the brain.

Bipolar and Schizophrenia Disorders Accurately Predicted With WERCAP Sections

Bipolar and Schizophrenia Disorders Accurately Predicted With WERCAP Sections

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By using the Washington Early Recognition Center Affectivity and Psychosis (WERCAP) questionnaire, investigators accurately predicted bipolar disorder or schizophrenia in more than 85% of patients.

Pupillometric Analysis For Assessment of Depression Recurrence

Pupillometric Analysis For Assessment of Depression Recurrence

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Pupillary reactivity to emotional stimuli has been investigated to provide objective information about the risk for recurrence of depressive symptoms in women.

White Matter Abnormalities and Clinical Symptom Severity in Schizophrenia

White Matter Abnormalities and Clinical Symptom Severity in Schizophrenia

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New findings provide an insight about the association between white matter microstructure and the severity of schizophrenia clinical symptoms.

Interaction of Proline and COMT Genotype Influences Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia & Bipolar Disorder

Interaction of Proline and COMT Genotype Influences Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia & Bipolar Disorder

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The authors explored whether valproate (VPA) treatment effects vary by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotype.

Whole Body Hyperthermia: The Future of Depression Treatment?

Whole Body Hyperthermia: The Future of Depression Treatment?

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Researchers investigated the lasting effects of whole body hyperthermia (WBH) in the first randomized, double-blind, [placebo]-controlled study of WBH for the treatment of MDD.

mPFC Abnormalities Associated With Social Cognition Deficits in Schizophrenia

mPFC Abnormalities Associated With Social Cognition Deficits in Schizophrenia

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Poor psychosocial functioning among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia is associated with deficits in social cognition.

Neuroinflammation in Schizophrenia: New PET Brain Imaging Studies

Neuroinflammation in Schizophrenia: New PET Brain Imaging Studies

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TSPO expression is frequently used as a biomarker for brain inflammation during PET imaging.

Clinical, But Not Subclinical, Psychosis Linked with Less Physical Activity

Clinical, But Not Subclinical, Psychosis Linked with Less Physical Activity

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Low physical activity was defined as less than 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous exercise per week.

A Potential Biomarker for the Onset of Psychosis in High-risk Individuals

A Potential Biomarker for the Onset of Psychosis in High-risk Individuals

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Researchers used the auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm to evaluate its potential as a neurophysiological biomarker for psychosis.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

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National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

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