Neurology

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Brain Structure Alterations Observed in Children With PTSD

Researchers used MRI to detect variations in neural connections among earthquake survivors.

Peer Review Process in Scientific Journals: Open, Single-blind, or Double-blind?

Peer Review Process in Scientific Journals: Open, Single-blind, or Double-blind?

Reviewers more likely to recommend acceptance when prestigious names and institutions were visible.

One Season of Youth Football Alters Brain Structure

One Season of Youth Football Alters Brain Structure

It is not yet clear whether changes in the brain that were observed during one season of competitive youth football are lasting or meaningful.

Genomic Medicine and the Future of Health Care

Genomic Medicine and the Future of Health Care

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Embracing all the myriad variations of the human genome should, in theory, lead to rewards that all can share.

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

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The longer the duration of ADT, the greater the risk of dementia.

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

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The American Heart Association issues a scientific statement on the possible link between chronic arterial hypertension and cognitive impairment.

NIH Announces New Investment In BRAIN Initiative

NIH Announces New Investment In BRAIN Initiative

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The NIH is awarding more than 100 new grants to over 170 researchers at 60 institutions that will total more than $70 million.

Inhaled Levodopa for 'Off' Periods in Parkinson Disease

Inhaled Levodopa for 'Off' Periods in Parkinson Disease

Levodopa pill can wear off, but a powdered version can help patients during off periods.

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

In 2016, an estimated 5.4 million US adults have Alzheimer disease.

Alcohol Consumption and Alzheimer Disease: A Brief Update

Alcohol Consumption and Alzheimer Disease: A Brief Update

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Basic Research Findings for the Practicing Clinician

Anxiety is a Risk Factor for Cognitive Decline and Dementia

Anxiety is a Risk Factor for Cognitive Decline and Dementia

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Most research to date has focused on the association between depression and dementia, but not many studies were performed to investigate the link between anxiety and dementia.

Alzheimer Markers Detected in Healthy Individuals with Genetic AD Risk

Alzheimer Markers Detected in Healthy Individuals with Genetic AD Risk

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The effects of aggregate genetic AD risk are detectable before symptoms appear, even early in life.

Urinary Biomarker of Parkinson Disease Identified

Urinary Biomarker of Parkinson Disease Identified

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To date, there are no validated biomarkers to independently assess Parkinson Disease diagnosis and prognosis, or to measure disease severity.

Early Biomarkers Identified in Schizophrenia Preclinical Model

Early Biomarkers Identified in Schizophrenia Preclinical Model

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New findings provide insights about the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of schizophrenia.

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

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Neuropsychological findings indicate that similar executive functions are affected in ADHD and OCD, but new neuroimaging data indicate differences exist in brain structure and function.

Managing Epilepsy in Patients With Intellectual Disability

Managing Epilepsy in Patients With Intellectual Disability

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The associated morbidities and deficits make epilepsy care for adults with intellectual disability complex.

Anti-Anxiety Medication May Decrease Empathy In Rats

Anti-Anxiety Medication May Decrease Empathy In Rats

Previous experiments indicated that empathy occurs in social lives of rats, and rodent behavioral models are now used to elucidate the mechanistic substrates of empathy.

Cannabinoids Reduce Intraneuronal Beta Amyloid Protein Levels

Cannabinoids Reduce Intraneuronal Beta Amyloid Protein Levels

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Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main active chemical ingredient found in cannabis and is a potent cannabinoid receptor (CB)-1 agonist.

Risk of Developing Huntington Disease Higher Than Previously Thought

Risk of Developing Huntington Disease Higher Than Previously Thought

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The HD-associated CAG repeat with 36 or more repeats was found in 18 individuals.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

Novel Clinical Application of Optogenetics: Migraine Headaches

Novel Clinical Application of Optogenetics: Migraine Headaches

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Optogenetic tools enable light-based modulation of genetically defined neurons and temporally precise stimulation of neural circuit activity.

Physical Exercise After Learning Promotes Hippocampus-dependent Memory Retention

Physical Exercise After Learning Promotes Hippocampus-dependent Memory Retention

The current findings are in line with previous studies reporting beneficial effects of physical exercise on memory acquisition, consolidation, reconsolidation, and retrieval.

Acute HIV Infection Linked to Mild Neurologic Signs and Symptoms

Acute HIV Infection Linked to Mild Neurologic Signs and Symptoms

Neurologic symptoms resolved after 1 month of antiviral treatment in 90% of study participants.

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