Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Microcephaly Associated With Significant Developmental Deficits

Microcephaly Associated With Significant Developmental Deficits

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Infants with postnatal etiology showed worse developmental deficits across all domains.

Arbaclofen May Benefit Some Patients With Autism

Arbaclofen May Benefit Some Patients With Autism

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Study results suggest continued study of arbaclofen for autism spectrum disorder.

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

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Autism is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder that is approximately 4 times more prevalent in males than females.

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

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Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

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While past studies have shown that younger siblings with an affected older sibling are at higher risk of autism, these findings have not been evaluated in a large, racially and ethnically diverse population.

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

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The longer autism spectrum disorder insurance mandates remained in place, the more that mandate-associated treated prevalence increased.

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

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In vitro assays hold promise as diagnostic tools in complex neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism.

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

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Neuropsychological findings indicate that similar executive functions are affected in ADHD and OCD, but new neuroimaging data indicate differences exist in brain structure and function.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Progression of infant motor development is associated with cognitive ability in later childhood.

ADHD Symptoms in Adulthood Vary Based on Work Environment

ADHD Symptoms in Adulthood Vary Based on Work Environment

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While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments such as medication, psychotherapy, education, or training can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning.

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

The city's water supply was poisoned with lead as a result of corrosion of leaded pipes.

Potential Drug Target Identified for Flaviviruses Such as Zika, Dengue, and West Nile

Potential Drug Target Identified for Flaviviruses Such as Zika, Dengue, and West Nile

A pregnant woman can pass Zika virus to her fetus during pregnancy.

Children With ADHD May Adapt More Poorly To Changes In Positive Reinforcement Patterns

Children With ADHD May Adapt More Poorly To Changes In Positive Reinforcement Patterns

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Children with ADHD may adapt more poorly to changing positive reinforcements compared with typically developing children.

Addressing Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Autism

Addressing Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Autism

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Ann Neumayer, MD, suggests that giving too many supplements can be harmful as well as giving too few.

Early Immune Biomarkers Identified for Autism Subphenotype

Early Immune Biomarkers Identified for Autism Subphenotype

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The immune system dysregulation during pregnancy may lead to or exacerbate neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism.

Genetic Influences on Autism Spectrum Disorders

Genetic Influences on Autism Spectrum Disorders

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New technologies and methodological approaches are starting to elucidate the relationship between DNA and complex human behavior.

Many Don't Understand Zika Virus Transmission

Many Don't Understand Zika Virus Transmission

Thirty-one percent of respondents believed that Zika is transmitted through coughing and sneezing.

Researchers Find New Evidence of What May Cause Schizophrenia

Researchers Find New Evidence of What May Cause Schizophrenia

A new study provides some of the strongest evidence to date that mutations to genes that control neurotransmitters can lead to schizophrenia.

Genes Linked to Autism May Raise Intelligence

Genes Linked to Autism May Raise Intelligence

People with genetic traits that are linked to autism risk show slightly increased intelligence.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Related Mental Health Issues

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Related Mental Health Issues

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Concussions resulting from contact sports injuries can impact cognition, behavior and mood.

Cesarean Births May Increase Autism Risk

Cesarean Births May Increase Autism Risk

Researchers found a possible link between C-section and increased risk of autism spectrum disorder development in childhood.

Treating Autism Early Can Curb Developmental Delays

Treating Autism Early Can Curb Developmental Delays

Infants as young as six months old who showed early signs of autism saw symptoms disappear after receiving Infant Start therapy.

Autism Linked to Excess Synapses in Adolescent Brains

Autism Linked to Excess Synapses in Adolescent Brains

Developing a drug similar to rapamycin/sirolimus to "prune" the extra synapses could improve autism treatment.

Mental Disabilities Up in U.S. Children

Mental Disabilities Up in U.S. Children

Neurodevelopmental disorders still higher overall in poor families, but recent increases especially pronounced in well-off.

High Blood Lead Levels Tied to Child Behavioral Problems

High Blood Lead Levels Tied to Child Behavioral Problems

Emotional reactivity, anxiety problems, and pervasive developmental problems increased with each 1-µg/dL increase in blood lead concentrations.

Understanding the 
changes in DSM-5

Understanding the 
changes in DSM-5

The latest revision of the diagnostic manual does away with the complex 
multiaxial organization in favor of a simpler chapter order of disorders.

Prenatal Chemical Exposure May Affect Neurodevelopment

Prenatal Chemical Exposure May Affect Neurodevelopment

A manufactured compound widely used as flame retardants in the past three decades has been associated with lower IQ and hyperactivity in kids.

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