Neurocognitive

Neural Entrainment Through Visual, Auditory Stimulation Reduces Pain Perception

Neural Entrainment Through Visual, Auditory Stimulation Reduces Pain Perception

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Patients in the visual arm of the study wore flashing LED goggles delivering visual stimulation in the alpha-band range.

Cognitive Processes' Influence on Pain Perception

Cognitive Processes' Influence on Pain Perception

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Evidence indicates that distraction can provide pain relief, highlighting the influence cognitive processes have on pain perception.

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

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The American Heart Association issues a scientific statement on the possible link between chronic arterial hypertension and cognitive impairment.

Late-life Volunteering Helps Maintain Cognitive Function

Late-life Volunteering Helps Maintain Cognitive Function

Regular late-life volunteering is independently tied to decreased risk of cognitive impairment.

Is There a Link Between Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Cognitive Dysfunction

Is There a Link Between Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Cognitive Dysfunction

The American Heart Association issues a scientific statement on the possible link between chronic arterial hypertension and cognition.

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

Ambiguity Aversion is Attenuated in Schizophrenia

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Researchers conducted an fMRI study of decision-making under conditions of risk and ambiguity in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

In 2016, an estimated 5.4 million US adults have Alzheimer disease.

T2D and Cognition: Role of Ghrelin System

T2D and Cognition: Role of Ghrelin System

Serum ghrelin levels may serve as a biomarker of executive function in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Sundowning: Phenomenology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment Approaches

Sundowning: Phenomenology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment Approaches

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Sundowning is a complex multifactorial condition that has eluded rigorous understanding of its pathophysiological causes.

Cognition in Depression: A Critical Domain for Health Outcomes, Measurement, and Treatment

Cognition in Depression: A Critical Domain for Health Outcomes, Measurement, and Treatment

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Dr. Roger McIntyre suggests that the clinical relevance of cognitive dysfunction for any individual patient can only be adjudicated on a case-by-case basis.

Does Impaired Cognition Precede Depression?

Does Impaired Cognition Precede Depression?

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Dysfunction across several cognitive domains is often concomitant with depression.

Investigating Superagers' Neuroanatomy, Memory Abilities

Investigating Superagers' Neuroanatomy, Memory Abilities

Most aging humans will develop some degree of decline in cognitive capacity.

mPFC Abnormalities Associated With Social Cognition Deficits in Schizophrenia

mPFC Abnormalities Associated With Social Cognition Deficits in Schizophrenia

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Poor psychosocial functioning among individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia is associated with deficits in social cognition.

Alcohol Consumption and Alzheimer Disease: A Brief Update

Alcohol Consumption and Alzheimer Disease: A Brief Update

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Basic Research Findings for the Practicing Clinician

Anxiety is a Risk Factor for Cognitive Decline and Dementia

Anxiety is a Risk Factor for Cognitive Decline and Dementia

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Most research to date has focused on the association between depression and dementia, but not many studies were performed to investigate the link between anxiety and dementia.

A Successful Approach to Reduce Phobic Behavior

A Successful Approach to Reduce Phobic Behavior

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Investigators used fMRI to examine whether disruption of long-term fear memory reconsolidation can attenuate the activity in the amygdala at re-exposure to fear cues.

Cortical Molecular Markers Differentiate Psychotic, Bipolar Disorders

Cortical Molecular Markers Differentiate Psychotic, Bipolar Disorders

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The researchers quantified the transcript levels of GAD67, parvalbumin, somastatin, and Lhx6 in the prefrontal cortex.

How Does BMI Affect Alzheimer's Risk?

How Does BMI Affect Alzheimer's Risk?

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Those with lower BMI showed higher levels of beta-amyloid, closely tied to the onset of Alzheimer's disease.

Statins May Be Protective Against Parkinson's in Diabetes

Statins May Be Protective Against Parkinson's in Diabetes

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The study suggests that statins may serve a greater purpose beyond control of lipids and cardiovascular events.

Active Music Therapy May Be Beneficial in Parkinson's

Active Music Therapy May Be Beneficial in Parkinson's

Researchers saw a beneficial effect in tests examining frontal lobe function and improvement in memory.

'Walking Meetings' Feasible For Improving Employee Wellness

'Walking Meetings' Feasible For Improving Employee Wellness

Converting just 1 meeting per week to a walking meeting can increase on-the-job activity levels for white-collar workers.

Dopaminergic Control of Striatal Cholinergic Interneurons May Cause Antipsychotic-Associated Parkinsonism

Dopaminergic Control of Striatal Cholinergic Interneurons May Cause Antipsychotic-Associated Parkinsonism

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Research examines the underlying mechanisms for the disabling adverse effects associated with antipsychotic medications.

Alzheimer Markers Detected in Healthy Individuals with Genetic AD Risk

Alzheimer Markers Detected in Healthy Individuals with Genetic AD Risk

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The effects of aggregate genetic AD risk are detectable before symptoms appear, even early in life.

CSF Biomarkers Improve Diagnosis in Patients with Psychiatric Disorders & Cognitive Symptoms

CSF Biomarkers Improve Diagnosis in Patients with Psychiatric Disorders & Cognitive Symptoms

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Distinguishing between psychiatric disorders and AD is crucial because of the differing prognosis and management of the two.

How to Improve Interpretability of Epigenomic Studies

How to Improve Interpretability of Epigenomic Studies

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Appropriate study planning from the outset is one step that can help improve interpretability.

Urinary Biomarker of Parkinson Disease Identified

Urinary Biomarker of Parkinson Disease Identified

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To date, there are no validated biomarkers to independently assess Parkinson Disease diagnosis and prognosis, or to measure disease severity.

Molecular Abnormalities in the Hippocampus in Schizophrenia

Molecular Abnormalities in the Hippocampus in Schizophrenia

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Post mortem examination of human brain samples derived from individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia revealed widespread synaptic alterations in CA1 hippocampal subfield.

Early Biomarkers Identified in Schizophrenia Preclinical Model

Early Biomarkers Identified in Schizophrenia Preclinical Model

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New findings provide insights about the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of schizophrenia.

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

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Neuropsychological findings indicate that similar executive functions are affected in ADHD and OCD, but new neuroimaging data indicate differences exist in brain structure and function.

Anti-Anxiety Medication May Decrease Empathy In Rats

Anti-Anxiety Medication May Decrease Empathy In Rats

Previous experiments indicated that empathy occurs in social lives of rats, and rodent behavioral models are now used to elucidate the mechanistic substrates of empathy.

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