Neurocognitive Disorders

Early Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery May Lead to Improved Cognitive Outcomes

Early Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery May Lead to Improved Cognitive Outcomes

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In order to maximize cognitive benefits in patients with epilepsy, early consideration of and evaluation for epilepsy surgery is key.

Neuropsychiatric Outcomes in Childhood Epilepsy Predicted by Seizure Frequency

Neuropsychiatric Outcomes in Childhood Epilepsy Predicted by Seizure Frequency

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Findings suggest that children with BECTS is predictive of neuropsychological outcomes, not age of first seizure.

Patients With Excessive Daytime Sleepiness May Benefit From Sodium Oxybate

Patients With Excessive Daytime Sleepiness May Benefit From Sodium Oxybate

Sodium oxybate seems to be well tolerated in patients with Parkinson's disease and excessive daytime sleepiness.

Anesthesia for Surgery and Subsequent Onset of Cognitive Dysfunction

Anesthesia for Surgery and Subsequent Onset of Cognitive Dysfunction

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Results from animal studies have been showing that anesthetics may be neurotoxic and could lead to cognitive dysfunction.

Cardiovascular Risk Management May Slow Neurocognitive Decline in HIV

Cardiovascular Risk Management May Slow Neurocognitive Decline in HIV

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HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder is a term used to describe a range of neurocognitive dysfunction issues linked to HIV infection.

Subjective Cognitive Decline Linked to Alzheimer Biomarker

Subjective Cognitive Decline Linked to Alzheimer Biomarker

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There were associations found between SCD and region-specific tauopathy.

Is Hypertension Linked to an Increased Risk of Dementia?

Is Hypertension Linked to an Increased Risk of Dementia?

A recently published study reports that women who develop high blood pressure in their 40s could be at a higher risk for developing dementia later in life.

Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease Accurately Predicted by Algorithm

Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease Accurately Predicted by Algorithm

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A new analytic model can now predict cognitive decline within 10 years of onset PD.

Families Shoulder Majority of Dementia Care Costs

Families Shoulder Majority of Dementia Care Costs

For individuals with dementia, lifetime care costs are increased.

Better Diagnostics Needed for Milder Neurocognitive Disorders Linked to HIV

Better Diagnostics Needed for Milder Neurocognitive Disorders Linked to HIV

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New data were presented at the IAS Conference, pertaining to predictive factors and cognitive screening for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.

Brain Changes Encourage Chance of Financial Exploitation in Seniors

Brain Changes Encourage Chance of Financial Exploitation in Seniors

Neural changes can lead to potential financial exploitation in older adults.

Opioid Receptors May Affect Later Pain Processing

Opioid Receptors May Affect Later Pain Processing

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This study suggests a link between high reward receptor responses in the striatal cortex and expression of pain complaints 2 years later.

CNS Symptoms Apparent After Head Impacts in Soccer

CNS Symptoms Apparent After Head Impacts in Soccer

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Head impacts in soccer are independently associated with moderate to very severe central nervous system (CNS) symptoms.

Methylphenidate & CBT Benefits TBI Patients with Cognitive Problems

Methylphenidate & CBT Benefits TBI Patients with Cognitive Problems

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These preliminary findings suggest that combined treatment with MAAT and methylphenidate can improve attention, episodic and working memory, and executive functioning following traumatic brain injury.

Exploring Possible Causes of Decreasing Dementia Rates In the US

Exploring Possible Causes of Decreasing Dementia Rates In the US

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Better management of cardiovascular risk factors and higher levels of education may have contributed to this improvement.

Advancing Pain Management: Human Studies

Advancing Pain Management: Human Studies

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Research on monogenic disorders has made vital contributions to all aspects of medical care, including our understanding of pain pathophysiology.

Medication Overuse Headache: Diagnosis & Treatment

Medication Overuse Headache: Diagnosis & Treatment

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The recovery time varies depending on which class of medication the patient is overusing.

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

Probability of Dementia Higher in Men Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy

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The longer the duration of ADT, the greater the risk of dementia.

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

Midlife Hypertension and Late-life Neurocognitive Status

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The American Heart Association issues a scientific statement on the possible link between chronic arterial hypertension and cognitive impairment.

The Effect of Cognitive Remediation Training on Functional Connectivity and Social Cognition in Schizophrenia

The Effect of Cognitive Remediation Training on Functional Connectivity and Social Cognition in Schizophrenia

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Study provides further evidence for the effects of cognitive enhancement intervention on brain functional connectivity and cognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia.

Inhaled Levodopa for 'Off' Periods in Parkinson Disease

Inhaled Levodopa for 'Off' Periods in Parkinson Disease

Levodopa pill can wear off, but a powdered version can help patients during off periods.

Executive Dysfunction in Idiopathic Depression vs Epilepsy-associated Depression

Executive Dysfunction in Idiopathic Depression vs Epilepsy-associated Depression

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Individuals suffering from depression, as well as persons diagnosed with temporal lobe epilepsy, present with dysfunction across several cognitive domains.

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

Gender-dependent Differences in Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis

In 2016, an estimated 5.4 million US adults have Alzheimer disease.

T2D and Cognition: Role of Ghrelin System

T2D and Cognition: Role of Ghrelin System

Serum ghrelin levels may serve as a biomarker of executive function in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Sundowning: Phenomenology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment Approaches

Sundowning: Phenomenology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment Approaches

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Sundowning is a complex multifactorial condition that has eluded rigorous understanding of its pathophysiological causes.

Cognition in Depression: A Critical Domain for Health Outcomes, Measurement, and Treatment

Cognition in Depression: A Critical Domain for Health Outcomes, Measurement, and Treatment

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Dr. Roger McIntyre suggests that the clinical relevance of cognitive dysfunction for any individual patient can only be adjudicated on a case-by-case basis.

Investigating Superagers' Neuroanatomy, Memory Abilities

Investigating Superagers' Neuroanatomy, Memory Abilities

Most aging humans will develop some degree of decline in cognitive capacity.

Alcohol Consumption and Alzheimer Disease: A Brief Update

Alcohol Consumption and Alzheimer Disease: A Brief Update

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Basic Research Findings for the Practicing Clinician

Anxiety is a Risk Factor for Cognitive Decline and Dementia

Anxiety is a Risk Factor for Cognitive Decline and Dementia

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Most research to date has focused on the association between depression and dementia, but not many studies were performed to investigate the link between anxiety and dementia.

Cortical Molecular Markers Differentiate Psychotic, Bipolar Disorders

Cortical Molecular Markers Differentiate Psychotic, Bipolar Disorders

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The researchers quantified the transcript levels of GAD67, parvalbumin, somastatin, and Lhx6 in the prefrontal cortex.

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