Metabolic syndrome, including hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia, promote arterial stiffness, which has been linked to depression.
Overall, in all patients with MDD, sleep ultradian cycle number was positively associated with REMS percentage, REMS duration, and REMS/NREMS ratio and negatively associated with REM latency.
Mothers who have children with MS have a higher prevalence of physical conditions, as well as a higher prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders.
Given the increased risk for opioid-related problems among patients with psychiatric diagnoses, the investigators advised a more cautious approach to prescribing that integrates expertise from mental health clinicians.
A new guideline from AAN offers recommendations on the use of behavioral, nutraceutical, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for improving sleep disorders in children with ASD.
Sedentary behavior throughout adolescence is associated with the risk for depressive symptoms at age 18 years.
The findings point to major concerns about high dropout rates and study bias in the field of research on smartphone apps for depressive symptom treatment.
Early-life stress caused by adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) has been linked to alterations in HPA axis activity that persist into adulthood, which may play a role in mental health disorders, including depression.
Despite increases in therapy for opioid use disorder, treatments, a widening treatment gap exists between young people aged 15 to 24 years and older adults.
Unpaid adult caregivers are at higher risk for not having insurance and putting off necessary health services due to cost.
Rural America is falling behind in many of the top health categories, including heart disease, cancer, and lower life expectancy.
Results showed a mean change from baseline of -9.28 points (95% CI, -10.23 to -8.32) on the HAM-A total score in patients treated with troriluzole compared with -9.35 points (95% CI, -10.34 to -8.36) with placebo (P =.917).
Depression, anxiety, and reduced quality of life are seen more frequently in patients with atopic eczema—and these associations imply that it may be more than just a skin disease.
General anesthesia for cesarean delivery is associated with increased odds of severe postpartum depression (PPD), suicidal ideation, and self-inflicted injury.
Topline data were announced from the phase 2/3 DIAN-TU study of solanezumab (Eli Lilly) and gantenerumab (Genentech) in patients at risk for or with dominantly inherited Alzheimer disease.
Kratom is used for symptoms of pain, anxiety, depression, and opioid withdrawal, and serious adverse events are uncommon.
A latent-space machine learning algorithm tailored for resting-state electroencephalography (rsEEG) can predict treatment outcomes with sertraline in depression.
There is an emerging view that sleep disorders are not merely symptoms of psychiatric conditions; instead there may be a complex, bidirectional relationship between psychiatric and sleep disorders.
Women with insomnia were more likely to report prior or current depression than women without insomnia in the study.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved updates to the prescribing information for Belsomra® (suvorexant; Merck) to include study findings for the treatment of insomnia in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease.
Individuals most at risk for neurobehavioral performance impairment during sleep deprivation can be accurately identified by a visual psychomotor vigilance task.
Approximately 20% of women experienced an increase in sleep issues during the presurgery period, although for the majority of women sleep trajectories were generally stable pre- and postsurgery.
Ketamine may be a useful treatment option when there is an urgent need for symptom improvement and for patients with pre-existing cognitive impairments.
In a Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guideline, recommendations are presented for the management of complex ADHD in childhood.
Although emerging adults reported a higher prevalence of intravenous drug use and more severe employment, legal, and psychiatric problems at intake, they achieved dramatic improvements in response to interim buprenorphine treatment.
The study highlights the significant burden of social anxiety disorder among youth, particularly those with a parental history of psychiatric symptoms.
There is a modest association between problematic video game involvement and certain forms of violence in adolescents, according to study data published in the Journal of Psychiatry Research.
Maternal depression in the postpartum period and beyond is associated with higher odds of atopic dermatitis (AD) for the child throughout childhood and adolescence.
Researchers explored habitual sleep, social jetlag, and day-to-day variations in sleep among youth with DSWPD compared with healthy controls.
Mothers with autism face unique challenges, and the stigma of being autistic can further exacerbate communication issues.
Responses to treatment depend on the target chosen, with 5 targets yielding positive outcomes, including the ventral anterior limb of the internal capsule, subthalamic nucleus, nucleus accumbens, ventral capsule/ventral striatum, or inferior thalamic peduncle, all involving fronto-striato-thalamocortical circuits.
From 2008 to 2016, there was a decrease in commercially insured adults’ visits to primary care providers.
Online direct-to-consumer pharmaceutical companies can give rise to distinct ethical challenges including potential conflicts of interest for prescribing physicians.
In children with fragile X syndrome (FXS), Down syndrome (DS), and Williams syndrome (WS), disrupted sleep may adversely affect language development.
Compared with their peers, Asian patients with dementia were less likely to be prescribed antidementia drugs, and they received these drugs for fewer days per year.
Rates of access to and engagement with internet-based communication and/or social media were high, with most participants (96%) indicating access to a cell phone and social media sites, and most participants engaging in at least 1 social media activity per day.
Depression and anxiety are common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Among people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), girls often receive a first diagnosis of autism later than boys.
Compared with patients without PTSD, patients with both bipolar disorder and PTSD were more likely to be women, on disability, have a lower education level, and have a lower annual household income.
The presence of objective subtle cognitive difficulties (Obj-SCD) on neuropsychological measures may predict faster amyloid accumulation and neurogenerative changes.
A new study demonstrates the efficacy of a structured physician compensation model in achieving equitable pay for all employees, although the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions and the higher-paying specialties warrants further investigation.
Suvorexant improves total sleep time (TST) in patients with probable Alzheimer disease (AD) dementia and insomnia.
The FDA has approved an expanded indication for the Infinity™ Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) system (Abbott) to include targeting the internal globus pallidus, which may lead to symptom improvement in patients with Parkinson disease.
Times between mood episodes longer for those in family-focused therapy versus enhanced usual care.
Among patients with borderline personality disorder, symptom severity was associated with less stability and lower relative amplitude. Impulsivity and mood instability were each negatively correlated with interdaily stability and relative amplitude.
American College of Physicians has endorsed proposals being discussed by Democratic presidential candidates.
Practicing gynecologists largely fail to screen women for symptoms of depression during perimenopause.
Researchers suggested the Act-Belong-Commit mental health promotion campaign as a possible intervention given its focus on staying physically and mentally active and maintaining social connections.
Katlein França, MD, PhD, spoke with Dermatology Advisor about the use of the behavior therapy technique “habit reversal training” (HRT) for the treatment of trichotillomania, excoriation disorder, and itch.
Attitudinal barriers, such as the wish to handle the problem alone, were highest in individuals with major depression, while individuals with mild depression experienced more structural barriers, such as financial concerns.