Alzheimer disease patients who initiate treatment with antipsychotic medications spend more days hospitalized than those who do not initiate antipsychotics.
Reduced cortical thickness in the prefrontal cortex related to childhood obesity may result in compromised executive function.
Among patients who received stellate ganglion block (n=74), the adjusted mean CAP-5 total symptom severity score change from baseline was -12.6 points (95% CI, -15.5, -9.7 points) vs -6.1 points (95% CI, -9.8, -2.3 points) for those who received sham treatment.
The study emphasizes the necessity of further research concerning a treatment that is increasingly being legalized and applied to a wide range of medical conditions.
Investigators noted that the use of a healthy sample may limit generalizability, and the study’s sample overall had low levels of anxiety.
Researchers evaluated the efficacy of telephonic psychiatric evaluations and assessed their potential as a solution to meet the needs of asylum seekers.
Rachel Ochs-Ross, MD, a director at Janssen Research & Development in Titusville, New Jersey, and colleagues led a phase 3 double-blind randomized active-controlled multicenter trial of older adults.
The adjusted rate of opioid use increased nearly 4-fold (adjusted odds ratio, 4.18; 95% CI, 1.76-9.96), from 4.7% among new immigrants to 14.8% among those who had been in this country for 15 years or more.
Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) who use inappropriate antipsychotics may be at an increased risk for pneumonia compared with patients with PD who use more appropriate atypical antipsychotics.
Researchers conducted a multicenter randomized controlled trial of 214 veterans with PTSD from January 2012 through September 2013.
Higher levels of physical activity linked to reduced odds of depression, even with highest polygenic risk.
Pediatricians are likely to encounter children of undocumented parents during practice, making it essential for practitioners to be aware of the unique vulnerabilities faced by this population, as well as appropriate clinical procedure.
Child psychiatrists more likely to practice in high-income counties, metropolitan counties.
Cytokine markers IL-6 and IL-12 appeared to be sensitive to acute psychosocial stress in a laboratory setting.
Investigators at King’s College London and University College London in the UK abstracted data from 7026 twin pairs in the Twins Early Development Study (TEDS).
Overdose resulting from carfentanil ingestion may require larger doses of naloxone for successful resuscitation, according to a new case report.
According to the authors, this study distinguishes itself from others given its focus on cumulative exposure to cortisol rather than acute circulating levels.
Increased CBT efficacy was associated with younger age, greater initial severity of depression, individual administration format, and no concomitant use of antidepressants.
The authors examined 3 hypotheses: internalized stigma would be a stronger predictor of barriers to seeking mental health care than perceived stigma, alienation would be a stronger predictor of barriers than other components, and depression severity would modify the relationship of depression stigma and barriers to care.
From 2015 to 2017, number of opioid-involved overdose deaths increased for nearly all racial/ethnic groups.
For both patients with ulcerative colitis and those with Crohn disease, psychiatric diagnoses were more common in those who were elderly (greater than 65 years old), women, and white, and those with psychiatric conditions more frequently had a history of alcohol abuse, tobacco and substance abuse, personality disorder, and corticosteroid use.
The authors highlighted limitations, including the low quality of studies available based on the high risk of bias in RCTs and heterogeneity of the study designs.
For older adults, a higher rate of hospitalizations is associated with more rapid cognitive decline.
The odds of receiving an ADHD diagnosis were increased with having an eating disorder, depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, or anxiety disorder.
We surveyed HCPs about CBD to find out if and how the phytocannabinoid is affecting practices across America.
Although 11.0% of individuals taking antidepressants developed dementia, only 2.6% of the unexposed sample went on to be diagnosed with dementia.
Six goals include creation of positive work and learning environments that prevent, reduce burnout.
The investigators called for future studies to explore limits on daily social media use as a means of reducing mental health problems, as well as a balanced examination of the potential benefits and harms of social media use.
Higher risk for pain particularly seen for teen girls who experience posttraumatic stress.
Depression is a common comorbidity among patients with chronic pain, and the use of antidepressants may alleviate symptoms of both disorders.
Depression is linked to increased clinical burden in patients with COPD.
Cord biomarkers of in utero acetaminophen exposure tied to increased risk for childhood ADHD, ASD.
The efficacy of melatonin, which has shown a prophylactic antidepressant effect in breast cancer, was explored given the prevalence of depressive symptoms after ACS.
The United States has a rapidly ageing population, and 14 million people are projected to live with dementia by 2050.
So far, Mylan says it has not received any reports of harm caused by the recalled lot.
Overall, ECT was a safe treatment option for patients with dementia experiencing agitation or aggression, as well as for those with comorbid medical conditions.
Alison J. Culyba, MD, PhD, MPH and colleagues explored patterns of violence among adolescent males and their association with individual and social factors.
Investigators extracted data from 8 waves of the Monitoring the Future study, which annually surveyed approximately 17,000 US high school students starting in 1975.
Researchers prospectively studied children and adolescents from various outpatient settings in Vienna, Austria to examine the possible effects of migration on mental health.
Football players actually are less likely to be depressed in early adulthood.
Sufficient sleep linked to increased odds of combined flourishing measure, individual measures.
Robust evidence shows households are at significant risk for large adverse changes in liquid assets.
Published studies that included data on the risk for PD in patients with BD vs the general population without BD were included in a systematic review.
Although 70% of patients with major depressive disorder prefer psychotherapy to pharmacotherapy, <25% receive any form of psychotherapy.
The researchers also noted a disturbing trend: many adolescents who engage in NSSI seek information online and communicate with others on social media platforms about NSSI.
Interpretation of results limited by high dropout rate, null findings of prespecified analyses.
Investigators abstracted data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a longitudinal birth cohort study of pregnant women, to assess the trajectory of emotional and behavioral problems in offspring.
New analysis of study results suggests highest dose of aducanumab may help slow cognitive decline.
Data from a multisite study of the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) support process-focused CBT as a means of reducing social anxiety.
Veterans in rural areas shared their satisfaction with geriatric psychiatry care delivered via video telehealth.