This study examines the extent that PTSD is associated with impaired educational performance over and above psychiatric comorbidity, familial factors, and general cognitive ability.
Young adults who believe they have strong social support experience fewer problems later in life, according to a study published in JAMA Psychiatry. While previous studies illustrate the importance of social support in preventing depressive symptoms in teens, few control for individuals with prior mental health issues. The researchers say that this study is the…
Longer sleep-onset latency, as monitored by wrist actigraphy, predicts long-term declines in global cognitive function, verbal learning, and memory in Hispanic/Latino adults.
Dietary fiber intake is inversely associated with depression in premenopausal women.
Previous reviews of behavioral interventions for pediatric insomnia have primarily focused on a single age group, a specific population, and/or only randomized controlled trials. Few reviews have considered the non-sleep outcomes of both children and their parents. This scoping review provides a broader context, including studies regardless of research design or population, along with sleep and non-sleep study outcomes.
Despite the many loci associated with late-onset Alzheimer disease, researchers are still short of a robust, unified method of risk stratification based on genome variations due to the clinical heterogeneity and polygenic nature of the disease.
For adults with methamphetamine use disorder, response is higher with receipt of extended-release injectable naltrexone plus oral extended-release bupropion versus placebo.
Current smokers are more likely to report symptoms suggesting a diagnosis of COVID-19.
Researchers assessed the prevalence of hormonal-related mood disorder symptoms in women with ADHD in the Netherlands.
The Office for Civil Rights in the US Department of Health and Human Services announced proposed changes to strengthen patients’ rights to access their own health information, improve care coordination, and reduce regulatory burdens.
How and why have young e-cigarette users changed their patterns of use since the COVID-19 pandemic began?
While the use of TIRF medications has declined in recent years, data have suggested that prescribing of these drugs to patients who are not opioid tolerant still remains.
This study looks at how the lack of awareness (anosognosia) of memory impairment evolves in the trajectory of Alzheimer disease.
Researchers found a relationship between pain-related anxiety with pain intensity, interference, and the potential for opioid overuse.
Adolescent boys who use electronic cigarettes have an increased risk for subsequently initiating traditional tobacco products.
This systematic review assessed the prevalence of restless sleep in children, documented the association of restless sleep with other conditions, and summarized the existing evidence regarding whether restless sleep should be considered a distinct sleep disorder.
A study found that ten sessions of electroacupuncture can improve the sleep quality of patients with insomnia without serious adverse effects.
Evidence has found associations between PTSD and an increased risk of chronic disease. While this association has been investigated with military personnel, the association between PTSK and all-cause mortality has not been thoroughly investigated in civilians.
The objective of this study was to explore the genetic basis of bipolar disorder in the Han Chinese population.
A prospective longitudinal cohort study examined the prevalence of nonheroin opioid use and childhood risk factors associated with later opioid use.
Use of e-cigarettes increased among adolescents between 2011 and 2019. However, whether these changes are affecting patterns of use of other tobacco products, especially cigarettes, remains unclear.
Early studies have indicated that, counter to expectation, older adults may be more resilient to the stress of COVID-19 than younger populations.
A systematic scoping review examines the literature about the influence of sleep disorders and disturbance on pain outcomes among US veterans with chronic nonmalignant pain.
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) can impact how individuals with recurrent depressive disorder relate to themselves.
As the diagnosis of opioid use disorder is often delayed or missed altogether, the researchers sought to test the utility of machine learning in creating a prediction model and algorithm for early diagnosis of OUD.
This detailed description of an institutional response to the COVID-19 pandemic in NYC highlights approaches that can be applied to help other hospitals plan for surges.
Researchers conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 32 pet owners aged more than 58 years to characterize how their pets promoted their wellness through touch-based interactions.
High cognitive functioning may be a protective factor against school difficulties in children with idiopathic narcolepsy.
Factors linked to fewer completed telemedicine visits include older age, Asian race, non-English as preferred language, Medicaid insurance
This study looks at the association between loneliness and depressive symptoms, assessed on multiple occasions during 12 years of follow-up, in a large, nationally representative cohort of adults aged 50 years and older in England.
With sleep and wakefulness being regulated by several neuronal populations, the study authors sought determine which neuronal pathways are crucial for the circadian regulation of sleep/wakefulness.
Chronic exposure to stressors leads to an erosion of health, as measured by allostatic load, which is particularly severe among foreign-born Black and Latino individuals.
Electronic cigarettes as consumer products are not associated with smoking cessation in observational studies.
Amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition, a feature of Alzheimer disease, may be promoted by external factors. The researchers of this study examined the association between the likelihood of amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) scan positivity and ambient air quality in individuals with cognitive impairment.
Patients already receiving opioid use disorder treatment continued to receive care during the early weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic, with some disruption to urine testing.
Multicomponent cognitive behavioral therapy is strongly recommended for the treatment of chronic insomnia in adults.
Researchers analyzed data from a nationally representative study of older non-Hispanic Black and White adults to evaluate progress toward reducing racial disparities regarding dementia.
Some patients fitted with these devices may require particular clinical guidance.
Researchers analyzed how substance use disorder affected the risk of hospitalization, complications and mortality among adult patients who were diagnosed with having a COVID-19 infection.
Research links an increase in social stressors, such as anxiety and depression, with elevations in intraocular pressure.
The number of individuals filling buprenorphine prescriptions for opioid use disorder has plateaued but not decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Researchers analyzed data from the population of 4 South London boroughs to determine the impact of comorbid bipolar disorder and schizophrenia on the cognitive decline in dementia.
Baseline social media use is independently associated with the development of depression.
In the 12-month period ending May 2020, the highest number of overdoses ever was recorded, topping 81,000.
Children who live in impoverished neighborhoods tend to have lower cognitive performance and decreased brain volume in several regions.
In the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, there was an increase in the number of patients receiving an outpatient buprenorphine prescription in Texas.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is the first line treatment for insomnia, but studies have reported potential negative effects. This review aims to understand the extent to which adverse events are monitored for and reported in trial literature.
To accommodate patients remotely during the COVID-19 pandemic, practices may have expanded personnel access to protected health information and relied on devices that might be vulnerable to cyber attacks.
Schedule II opioids continue to be prescribed to high-risk patients 18 months after publication of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline.
The researchers of this study sought to quantify the difference in antipsychotic and antidepressant exposure among patients with genetically associated CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 poor (PM), intermediate (IM), and normal (NM) metabolizers.