Stimulants May Actually Lower Anxiety in Kids With ADHD
the Psychiatry Advisor take:
While there have been reports that the use of stimulants in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with anxiety in some people, a meta-analysis has found the opposite is true: The drugs may actually lower the risk of anxiety.
Catherine Coughlin, PhD, Michael Bloch, MD, both of Yale University, New Haven, Conn., and colleagues reviewed 23 studies involving nearly 3,000 kids with ADHD. A fixed-effects meta-analysis was performed to examine the risk ratio of anxiety reported as a side effect in children treated with psychostimulants compared with those treated with placebo.
The risk of anxiety associated with stimulant treatment was significantly lower than that experienced with placebo, the researchers reported in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology. Also, higher doses of stimulants were associated with a reduced measured risk of anxiety of stimulants when compared with placebo.
While the researchers say that the results don't mean there aren't any children who experience anxiety with stimulants, those risks are outweighed by the number of adolescents who seen an improvement in symptoms of anxiety, perhaps as a result of an improved in ADHD symptoms.
“Clinicians should consider rechallenging children with ADHD who report new-onset or worsening anxiety with psychostimulants, as these symptoms are much more likely to be coincidental rather than caused by psychostimulants,” the researchers conclude.
The risk of anxiety associated with stimulant treatment was significantly lower than that experienced with placebo.
A new review of studies involving nearly 3,000 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) concludes that, although anxiety has been reported as a side-effect of stimulant medication, psychostimulant treatment for ADHD significantly reduces the risk of anxiety.
Thus, patient reports of new-onset or worsening anxiety with the use of psychostimulants are not likely due to the medication and should not necessarily preclude stimulant use in ADHD, according to the authors of the study published in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- Continuing Research, Emerging Treatments Hold Promise for Treating Anorexia Nervosa
- ACOG Update: Marijuana Use Discouraged During Pregnancy, Breastfeeding
- Asenapine Prevents Recurrence of Mood Events in Bipolar Disorder
- Depression Profiles in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes vs Type 2 Diabetes
- Purpose, Questions of Social Interaction Lead Physicians to Delay Retirement
- CBT, Acceptance Commitment Therapy Helpful for Those With Chronic Pain
- Suicidal Behavior, Thoughts Associated With Perfectionist Tendencies
- Depression Reduced by Social Belonging, Feelings of Inclusion
- Sleep Disturbance May Be Causal Factor in Psychotic Experiences
- Is Antidepressant Use in Pregnancy Tied to Psychiatric Disorders in Offspring?
- Cardiovascular Risk Management May Slow Neurocognitive Decline in HIV
- Maintenance rTMS for Treatment-Resistant Depression
- New Study Compares Opioid Dependence Relapse Treatments
- Increase Use of Nursing Home for Patients With Cognitive Impairment Category
- Venlafaxine XR Safe, Effective in Treating Generalized Anxiety Disorder