Hallucinations, Self Destructive Thoughts May Predict Teen Psychosis Risk
the Psychiatry Advisor take:
In adolescents with psychological symptoms, visual distortions and hallucinations are associated with self-destructive thought processes, according to a study from the Helsinki University Hospital in Finland.
The study included 309 adolescents who had participated in the Jorvi Early Psychosis Recognition and Intervention (JERI) research project from 2009 to 2013. Participants completed surveys that measured symptoms of depression, symptoms of psychosis risk, and self-destructive thought processes.
Approximately one-third of the adolescents had self-destructive thought processes, the researchers found. The risk for psychosis symptoms occurred more frequently in those with both psychological symptoms and self-destructive thoughts than in those who only had psychological symptoms.
Participants with risk symptoms of psychosis were also more likely to have symptoms of depression than those with no risk symptoms. Visual distortions and hallucinations had the strongest link to self-destructive behavior, the researchers found.
The results indicated that self-destructive thoughts and psychosis risk symptoms manifest at the same time in adolescents, preceding actual psychosis. If school health providers are attuned to these risk symptoms, they may be better able to detect individuals at high risk for psychosis.
Directly asking adolescents whether they have experienced hallucinations may help detect self-destructive thoughts and behavior, the researchers suggested.
Hallucinations were the strongest indicator of self-destructive thought patterns in adolescents.
Visual distortions and hallucinations related to an elevated risk of psychosis are linked to self-destructive thought processes among adolescents with psychological symptoms, tells the recent study conducted at the Helsinki University Hospital, Finland. Early indications of the risk of psychosis can usually be detected long before the onset of a full-blown disorder.
Patients with schizophrenia are known to generally show a higher risk of suicide. Previous research on adolescents with psychological symptoms has also shown that self-destructive thought patterns are more common among those who show a higher risk of psychosis than those who do not show such a risk.
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- FDA Approves Schizophrenia Medication With Digital Ingestion Sensor
- Increased Depression Severity Following Childhood Exposure to Adversity, Risk
- Suboptimal Neuromotor Development Related to Genetic Risk for Schizophrenia
- No Association Between Comorbid Anxiety Disorders, Suicide Attempts
- Cannabidiol Concentration, Labeling Varies Widely in Products Sold Online
- Maintenance rTMS for Treatment-Resistant Depression
- Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Reduces PTSD Symptoms
- Micronutrients Improve Some Symptoms of ADHD
- Continuing Research, Emerging Treatments Hold Promise for Treating Anorexia Nervosa
- Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotics Delay Schizophrenia Relapse
- Frequent Migraines Increase Severity of Anxiety, Depression
- Abnormal MRI and CSF Findings May Predict Risk for Alzheimer's Dementia
- Genetic Link Between Obesity Traits, Depression With Atypical Features
- Improved Outcomes for Patients Treated by Own PCP During Hospital Stay
- Patients With Excessive Daytime Sleepiness May Benefit From Sodium Oxybate