Child/Adolescent Psychiatry

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders likely to be vastly underdiagnosed in US

A multisite, cross-sectional study found a large mismatch between previously diagnosed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the actual prevalence of cases identified.

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

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Investigators believe this is the most comprehensive analysis of epigenetic alterations due to victimization stress in a pediatric population.

Heritable Cognitive Ability, Psychopathology Associated With White Matter Properties

Heritable Cognitive Ability, Psychopathology Associated With White Matter Properties

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White matter brain architecture of crossing fibers in frontotemporal connections was shown to be more expressed in participants with better cognitive performance and less expressed in participants with more severe general psychopathology.

Third Trimester Maternal SSRI Exposure Linked to Depression, Anxiety in Offspring

Third Trimester Maternal SSRI Exposure Linked to Depression, Anxiety in Offspring

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The issue of whether and how prenatal SSRI exposure affects offspring has remained murky.

Consuming Fish May Improve Long-Term Cognitive Functioning in Children

Consuming Fish May Improve Long-Term Cognitive Functioning in Children

Children show higher IQ scores and less sleep problems with the more fish that they consume.

Predictive Psychiatric Genetic Testing for At-Risk Minors: Risk vs Reward

Predictive Psychiatric Genetic Testing for At-Risk Minors: Risk vs Reward

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Researchers identified 5 nonmedical themes that affect the decision to conduct predictive genetic testing for psychiatric conditions.

Peer Review Policy Leads to Decreased Use of Atypical Antipsychotics in Children

Peer Review Policy Leads to Decreased Use of Atypical Antipsychotics in Children

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The use of atypical antipsychotics can be reduced with the implementation of a peer review prior authorization policy.

Pediatric OCD: Family Interactive Therapy Reduces Symptom Severity

Pediatric OCD: Family Interactive Therapy Reduces Symptom Severity

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Positive Family Interaction Therapy plus individual child cognitive-behavioral therapy reduces symptom severity in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

ADHD, Autism Associated With Postnatal Treatment of Congenital Hypothyroidism

ADHD, Autism Associated With Postnatal Treatment of Congenital Hypothyroidism

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In children with congenital hypothyroidism behavioral problems can be mitigated through appropriate levels of treatment during infancy.

Tourette Syndrome Treatment Granted Orphan Drug Designation by FDA

Tourette Syndrome Treatment Granted Orphan Drug Designation by FDA

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The FDA has granted Orphan Drug Designation to Valbenazine.

Adolescents Underreport Nonmedical Amphetamine Use

Adolescents Underreport Nonmedical Amphetamine Use

Adolescents don't realize that Adderall is an amphetamine.

Meta-analysis of Pharmacological, Non-Pharmacological Treatments for ADHD

Meta-analysis of Pharmacological, Non-Pharmacological Treatments for ADHD

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Clinical differences may exist between the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments commonly used for the management of ADHD.

Pediatricians Should Incorporate Reproductive, Sexual Health Into Practice

Pediatricians Should Incorporate Reproductive, Sexual Health Into Practice

Office visits present the opportunity to provide comprehensive education and health care services.

Utility of SCARED Screening Tool for Comorbid Anxiety Disorders in Children

Utility of SCARED Screening Tool for Comorbid Anxiety Disorders in Children

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Researchers evaluated the discriminant validity, diagnostic utility, and informant agreement of the Screen for Child Anxiety and Related Emotional Disorder (SCARED).

Genetic Counseling in Autism: Risk of Recurrence Based on Sibling's Gender

Genetic Counseling in Autism: Risk of Recurrence Based on Sibling's Gender

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These findings may prove valuable in counseling families about the likelihood of disease recurrence in subsequent offspring.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Update & Expert Q&A

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Update & Expert Q&A

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Work continues on refining our understanding on the identification of alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARBD).

Do Antidepressants Improve Chronic Pain in Pediatric Patients?

Do Antidepressants Improve Chronic Pain in Pediatric Patients?

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There is no conclusive evidence that antidepressants reduce chronic non-cancer pain in pediatric patients.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, SSRIs Reduce Symptoms of Childhood Anxiety

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, SSRIs Reduce Symptoms of Childhood Anxiety

Childhood anxiety symptoms can be reduced by CBT and SSRIs.

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

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A brief screening tool can identify patients at risk for suicide without significantly interrupting the flow of acute care.

More Risk, Challenge on School Playgrounds Linked to Happier Children

More Risk, Challenge on School Playgrounds Linked to Happier Children

Greater opportunities for risk and challenge were associated with fewer reports of bullying to adults.

CBT, Amitriptyline an Effective Migraine Treatment

CBT, Amitriptyline an Effective Migraine Treatment

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Treatment with CBT and amitriptyline led to greater improvements in youth with chronic migraine.

Effects of Chronic Bullying on Academic Performance

Effects of Chronic Bullying on Academic Performance

Researchers found that students who were teased for years got lower grades.

Preschoolers With Depression Show Reduced Response to Rewards

Preschoolers With Depression Show Reduced Response to Rewards

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Altered reward sensitivity may be an indicator of depression in preschool-aged children.

Youth Depression Onset Predicted by Anxiety, Family History, Adversity

Youth Depression Onset Predicted by Anxiety, Family History, Adversity

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Fear and anxiety showed the strongest correlation with development of major depression in children.

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Lack of medical coverage was cited as a reason adolescent and young adult cancer survivors avoid mental health treatment.

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

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A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort, but the mechanism behind it remains unclear.

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

The decline was seen across all socioeconomic strata.

Rate of ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers Stabilizing

Rate of ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers Stabilizing

AAP treatment guidelines from 2011 appear to have contributed to the stabilization.

Depression Rates Up Among Adolescents, Particularly Females

Depression Rates Up Among Adolescents, Particularly Females

The report authors propose cyberbullying and social media use as possible theories, but at this point these remain speculative.

Efficacy of Lurasidone Assessed in Adolescents With Schizophrenia

Efficacy of Lurasidone Assessed in Adolescents With Schizophrenia

Sunovion have announced positive results from a study evaluating Latuda (lurasidone HCI) for the treatment of schizophrenia in adolescents aged 13 to 17 years old.

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