Child/Adolescent Psychiatry

Combination Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Fluoxetine Effective for Adolescent Depression

Combination Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With Fluoxetine Effective for Adolescent Depression

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This research suggests that combination therapy not only produces greater proportional response in depression symptoms but that it is also effective in a broader range of individuals.

Lithium Monotherapy Effective in Treating Bipolar Disorder in Children

Lithium Monotherapy Effective in Treating Bipolar Disorder in Children

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In terms of efficacy, 3 randomized controlled trials demonstrated that treatment with lithium monotherapy improved overall functioning and symptoms of mania or mixed mania in children and adolescents with bipolar illness.

Early Talk, Interaction Predicts School-Age Language Outcomes

Early Talk, Interaction Predicts School-Age Language Outcomes

Talk and interaction during early childhood, especially during 18 to 24 months, is associated with language and cognitive outcomes.

Paternal Antisocial Personality Traits, Maternal Postpartum Depression Affect Early Aggressive Behavior

Paternal Antisocial Personality Traits, Maternal Postpartum Depression Affect Early Aggressive Behavior

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These findings indicate the importance of investigating paternal in addition to maternal psychiatric status when evaluating early aggressive behavior in children, especially because the 2 factors can interact in surprising ways.

Child Maltreatment Associated With Poor Psychological Health Outcomes in Adulthood

Child Maltreatment Associated With Poor Psychological Health Outcomes in Adulthood

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These findings suggest that child maltreatment affects physical health in adulthood.

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

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Compared with controls, those with subthreshold ADHD experienced greater impairments in social functioning and had higher rates of requiring extra help in school.

Psychotic-Like Experiences in Adolescence Could Cause Neural Changes During Reward Processing

Psychotic-Like Experiences in Adolescence Could Cause Neural Changes During Reward Processing

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These findings indicate that developmental changes are part of the etiology of psychotic disorders, and compensatory cognitive control could be a mechanism to contextualize the psychotic-like experiences precluding psychosis during adolescence.

Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Foster Parenting

Video-Feedback Intervention to Promote Positive Foster Parenting

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The current study aims to test the effectiveness of a video-feedback intervention in increasing caregiver sensitivity to foster children.

Little Global Development Assistance for Adolescent Health

Little Global Development Assistance for Adolescent Health

These findings suggest that adolescent health has gained little donor attention.

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

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While antipsychotic treatments can improve behavioral symptoms, risk of hyperglycemia and weight gain should inform careful consideration of antipsychotic use in young patients.

Psych Screening Beneficial in Pediatric Abdominal Pain

Psych Screening Beneficial in Pediatric Abdominal Pain

Systematic screening for anxiety, disability, and pain can increase psychological referral rates among pediatric patients with abdominal pain.

Abstinence from substance use among adolescents is increasing

In a nationally representative survey of American adolescents, there was a 5-fold increase in prevalence of lifetime abstinence from substance use among high school seniors.

Early Childhood Out-of-Home Placement Associated With Adverse Outcomes in Adulthood

Early Childhood Out-of-Home Placement Associated With Adverse Outcomes in Adulthood

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These results suggest a significant need for psychiatric resources for children placed in foster care or other out-of-home circumstances.

Predicting Medication Adherence in Youths With Severe Mental Illness

Predicting Medication Adherence in Youths With Severe Mental Illness

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These data provide insight into the specific risk factors for nonadherence in youths with mental disorders.

Short Forms of Parent General Behavior Inventory Reliable at Identifying Youth Mood Symptoms

Short Forms of Parent General Behavior Inventory Reliable at Identifying Youth Mood Symptoms

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The short forms each displayed diagnostic accuracy comparable with that of the full-length scales.

Orbitofrontal Connectivity Associated With Mood, Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents Who Use Marijuana

Orbitofrontal Connectivity Associated With Mood, Anxiety Symptoms in Adolescents Who Use Marijuana

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Marijuana usage is increasing in adolescents, and the rate of comorbidity with mood and anxiety disorders is high. These findings may aid in identifying adolescents who are potentially at risk.

Parent, Teacher Reports of Adolescent Behavior Important in Mental Health Monitoring

Parent, Teacher Reports of Adolescent Behavior Important in Mental Health Monitoring

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These data emphasize the important role of parents and teachers in detecting mental health needs in adolescents.

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

Lifetime Engagement in Self-Harm Associated With Emotional Abuse, Neglect in Childhood

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Although emotional abuse and neglect may not be as easily detected as other forms of maltreatment, professionals must be aware of their long-term effect on nonsuicidal self-injury likelihood.

Diagnosing Lyme Disease in Children With Neuropsychiatric Illness

Diagnosing Lyme Disease in Children With Neuropsychiatric Illness

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Health professionals from many disciplines need to be able to recognize the clinical presentations, essential diagnostic tests, and treatment approach of Lyme neuroborreliosis.

Parents' Childhood Affects Their Children's Behavioral Health

Parents' Childhood Affects Their Children's Behavioral Health

Parents' adverse childhood events, such as abuse, neglect, or household dysfunction, can impact their children's lives.

Identifying Predictive Factors for Psychotropic Use in Youths With PTSD

Identifying Predictive Factors for Psychotropic Use in Youths With PTSD

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These data suggest that psychotherapy is underutilized as treatment in youths with PTSD, and that much of this population does not receive any form of care.

Strong Social Networks May Mitigate the Effects of Childhood Adversity

Strong Social Networks May Mitigate the Effects of Childhood Adversity

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These findings support initiatives targeted at reducing the effect of negative early childhood experiences on psychopathology.

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Increased Risk for Eating Disorders in Adolescents

Psychotic Experiences Associated With Increased Risk for Eating Disorders in Adolescents

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These data suggest the need for targeted interventions in children with psychotic experiences to prevent disordered eating behaviors in later adolescence.

TECH Parenting Can Limit Negative Effect of Media on Kids

TECH Parenting Can Limit Negative Effect of Media on Kids

TECH parenting framework can promote positive and specific media parenting behaviors that could help mitigate the potential negative impacts of media consumption for youth.

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

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Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.

Factors That Influence Whether Adolescents Seek Help for Depression

Factors That Influence Whether Adolescents Seek Help for Depression

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Clinical intervention focusing on parental involvement may be effective in combating depression in children.

Exploring Physical Activity Trends in Youth at Clinically High Risk for Psychosis

Exploring Physical Activity Trends in Youth at Clinically High Risk for Psychosis

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Treatment modes targeting motivation may be effective in promoting exercise in youth at clinically high risk for psychosis.

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risk for Aggressive Behavior in Offspring

Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy Increases Risk for Aggressive Behavior in Offspring

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The findings of this study provide evidence for a small direct link between maternal smoking during pregnancy and aggression in offspring.

Antipsychotics Associated With Increased Adiposity, Decreased Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Antipsychotics Associated With Increased Adiposity, Decreased Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

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Adverse changes in adiposity and insulin sensitivity are potential risk factors for premature cardiometabolic morbidity and should be considered by clinicians in planning antipsychotic treatment course for youths.

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

Technology-Enhanced Intervention in the ED Appears Promising for Reducing Underage Drinking, Consequences

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This intervention provides flexibility in the clinical setting, allowing for therapist delivery when staff is available and computer delivery when staff resources are not available.

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