Child/Adolescent Psychiatry

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

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Psychiatric diagnoses may not be a contraindication to weight loss surgery.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Effective in Reducing Suicide Attempts, Self-Harm in Adolescents

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The researchers found significant advantages from dialectical behavior therapy in all primary outcomes.

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

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Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

Predictors of Long-term Medication Adherence in Children With ADHD

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Medication continuity in youth with ADHD is affected by several potentially modifiable factors that could be productive targets of intervention for pediatricians.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Antipsychotic Treatment Linked to Adiposity Changes in Youth

Antipsychotic Treatment Linked to Adiposity Changes in Youth

Youth receiving antipsychotic treatment have adverse changes in adiposity and insulin sensitivity, with the greatest fat increases seen with olanzapine.

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

Promising Screening Tool for Impulsive Behaviors in Children: Short UPPS-P-C Scale

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These findings offer preliminary evidence of the validity of the short UPPS-P-C to screen for impulsivity traits in both typically developing children and in those with ADHD.

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

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While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

Social Deficits May Be Reversible Among Transgender Youth

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Recent research following transgender individuals from late childhood into young adulthood shows that gender-affirmative hormonal and surgical care results in normative global functioning.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Anxiety, Depression and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Examining the Relationship Between Childhood Anxiety, Depression and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

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The potential plasticity of the cardiovascular system during childhood may explain the lack of significant relationship between depression and anxiety symptomatology and CVD risk in this study population.

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

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Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

Social Hygiene: Screening for Social Media Addiction in Adolescent Patients

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Adolescents love their phones. But what is the downside of this addictive technology?

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

Suicide Ideation, Attempts Increasing Among US Children

From 2008 to 2015 there was an increase in encounters for suicide ideation and suicide attempts among US children.

Decrease in medication use among US children and adolescents

While overall prescribing of medications decreased compared with the early 2000s, the use of ADHD medication, asthma medicine, and contraceptive use increased while use of antibiotics, antihistamines, and upper respiratory combination medications decreased.

Children's hospital visits for suicide ideation and attempts are increasing

The percentage of patients seen at children's hospitals for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts more than doubled between 2008 and 2015. The academic school year may play a role.

Emotional regulation intervention linked to decreased high risk sexual behavior

Adolescents with no baseline sexual activity who underwent an emotional regulation sexual health intervention were less likely to report first-time vaginal or anal sex over a follow-up period of 30 months compared with adolescents who underwent a traditional health promotion sexual health intervention.

 Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

Concise Health Risk Tracking Scale Accurately Assesses Suicidal Severity in Adolescents

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Suicide is the second leading cause of death among Americans between the ages of 15 and 24 years.

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

Childhood-Onset Bipolar Disorder Associated With Impaired Family Functioning

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Further investigation into the family-based mechanisms of childhood-onset bipolar disorder may assist in the development of future targeted, effective therapies.

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

Psychotropic Medication Use in Young Children Indicates Need for Outcomes Research

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The investigators found that 4550 children had a psychiatric diagnosis (19.7%) by the age of 8 years, and that 57.7% of these diagnoses were behavioral.

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Risk for Pediatric Mental Illness Up After Injury Hospitalization

Medicaid-insured children are at increased risk for mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after hospitalization for an injury.

Mental Health Comorbidity Examined in Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth

Mental Health Comorbidity Examined in Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth

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These findings suggest an urgent need for improved measures of social and clinical support in transgender and/or gender-nonconforming youth.

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

The Relationship Between Sleep, Chronic Pain, and Mood Disorders in Children

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The presence of sleep disorders in children with chronic pain may result in greater pain levels and pain interference, a relationship that may in part be mediated by anxiety and depressive symptoms.

Latent Variable Approach Effective in Parsing Neural Mechanisms of Co-Occurring Anxiety, Irritability in Youth

Latent Variable Approach Effective in Parsing Neural Mechanisms of Co-Occurring Anxiety, Irritability in Youth

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These results indicate that a "latent variable" approach may be useful for neuropsychiatric research involving co-occurring symptoms.

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

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Parents using intervention strategies in addition to the interventionist working directly with the child can be very beneficial, as an interventionist only gets to see a child for a few hours a week.

Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder

Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder

The concept of internet gaming disorder and the pathways leading to it are unclear.

Several Techniques of Self-Regulation Training Effective in Children

Several Techniques of Self-Regulation Training Effective in Children

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The findings of this review would be useful for policy makers, educators, and health professionals focusing on prevention, as self-regulation attracts more attention as an intervention target.

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

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These results challenge modern theories that disturbances in the endogenous opioid of patients with autism may affect pain reactivity.

Beyond Normal Attachment: Managing Childhood Separation Anxiety Disorder

Beyond Normal Attachment: Managing Childhood Separation Anxiety Disorder

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Cognitive behavioral therapy may be effective for children in learning how to separate from their parents and engage in activities.

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

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The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.

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