Child/Adolescent Psychiatry

Cognitive Bheavioral Therapy, SSRIs Reduce Syptoms of Childhood Anxiety

Cognitive Bheavioral Therapy, SSRIs Reduce Syptoms of Childhood Anxiety

Childhood anxiety symptoms can be reduced by CBT and SSRIs.

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

Brief Suicide Screening Identifies At-Risk Adolescents in Urgent Care

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A brief screening tool can identify patients at risk for suicide without significantly interrupting the flow of acute care.

More Risk, Challenge on School Playgrounds Linked to Happier Children

More Risk, Challenge on School Playgrounds Linked to Happier Children

Greater opportunities for risk and challenge were associated with fewer reports of bullying to adults.

CBT, Amitriptyline an Effective Migraine Treatment

CBT, Amitriptyline an Effective Migraine Treatment

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Treatment with CBT and amitriptyline led to greater improvements in youth with chronic migraine.

Effects of Chronic Bullying on Academic Performance

Effects of Chronic Bullying on Academic Performance

Researchers found that students who were teased for years got lower grades.

Preschoolers With Depression Show Reduced Response to Rewards

Preschoolers With Depression Show Reduced Response to Rewards

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Altered reward sensitivity may be an indicator of depression in preschool-aged children.

Youth Depression Onset Predicted by Anxiety, Family History, Adversity

Youth Depression Onset Predicted by Anxiety, Family History, Adversity

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Fear and anxiety showed the strongest correlation with development of major depression in children.

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Lack of medical coverage was cited as a reason adolescent and young adult cancer survivors avoid mental health treatment.

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

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A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort, but the mechanism behind it remains unclear.

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

The decline was seen across all socioeconomic strata.

Rate of ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers Stabilizing

Rate of ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers Stabilizing

AAP treatment guidelines from 2011 appear to have contributed to the stabilization.

Depression Rates Up Among Adolescents, Particularly Females

Depression Rates Up Among Adolescents, Particularly Females

The report authors propose cyberbullying and social media use as possible theories, but at this point these remain speculative.

Efficacy of Lurasidone Assessed in Adolescents With Schizophrenia

Efficacy of Lurasidone Assessed in Adolescents With Schizophrenia

Sunovion have announced positive results from a study evaluating Latuda (lurasidone HCI) for the treatment of schizophrenia in adolescents aged 13 to 17 years old.

Pediatric Speech, Language Disorders Linked to Prenatal Antidepressant Exposure

Pediatric Speech, Language Disorders Linked to Prenatal Antidepressant Exposure

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This finding may have implications for understanding associations between SSRIs and child development.

Rare Genetic Mutations Found in Up to 25% of Children With ADHD

Rare Genetic Mutations Found in Up to 25% of Children With ADHD

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The mutation-positive cohort was more likely to have issues with disruptive behaviors, anger control, and inappropriate movements compared with the mutation-negative cohort.

Depression Associated With BMI in Youths

Depression Associated With BMI in Youths

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Children and adolescents who had used antidepressants or who had a diagnosis of depression were more likely to have a higher BMI.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

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National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

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Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

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Investigators used decomposition methods to examine the relative importance of genetic and environmental components to the burden of ADHD.

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

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These findings are important, as CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

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Investigators developed a test [The Test of Playfulness (ToP)] in order to examine children's play skills in peer-to-peer play interactions.

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

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So far, the clinical presentation of psychosis in childhood and adolescence has only been examined in a small number of studies which are limited by small sample sizes.

Hearing Impairment May Be Early Signal of Autism

Hearing Impairment May Be Early Signal of Autism

Researchers identified an inner-ear problem that might impair speech processing.

Study Protocol: How Does School Affect Adolescent Mental Health?

Study Protocol: How Does School Affect Adolescent Mental Health?

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The Kupol study provides a unique platform to evaluate the association between different aspects of school and adolescent mental health.

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

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Childhood is a critical developmental period in the brain's response to traumatic stress such as family adversity.

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

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Early life trauma interacts with FKBP5 genotype to predict heavy alcohol consumption in college students.

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

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Adolescents who experience chronic pain have higher prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in adulthood.

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

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Some of the strategies to improve memory extinction aim at plasticity pathways in the brain with the use of NMDA receptor-modulating drugs, such as D-cycloserine.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

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