Child/Adolescent Psychiatry

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Mental Health Counseling Lacking for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Lack of medical coverage was cited as a reason adolescent and young adult cancer survivors avoid mental health treatment.

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

Maternal Pre- and Postpartum Depression Affects Child's Brain Development

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A significant gender effect was observed in the cohort, but the mechanism behind it remains unclear.

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

Physical Punishment of Children Declining in the US

The decline was seen across all socioeconomic strata.

Rate of ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers Stabilizing

Rate of ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers Stabilizing

AAP treatment guidelines from 2011 appear to have contributed to the stabilization.

Depression Rates Up Among Adolescents, Particularly Females

Depression Rates Up Among Adolescents, Particularly Females

The report authors propose cyberbullying and social media use as possible theories, but at this point these remain speculative.

Efficacy of Lurasidone Assessed in Adolescents With Schizophrenia

Efficacy of Lurasidone Assessed in Adolescents With Schizophrenia

Sunovion have announced positive results from a study evaluating Latuda (lurasidone HCI) for the treatment of schizophrenia in adolescents aged 13 to 17 years old.

Pediatric Speech, Language Disorders Linked to Prenatal Antidepressant Exposure

Pediatric Speech, Language Disorders Linked to Prenatal Antidepressant Exposure

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This finding may have implications for understanding associations between SSRIs and child development.

Rare Genetic Mutations Found in Up to 25% of Children With ADHD

Rare Genetic Mutations Found in Up to 25% of Children With ADHD

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The mutation-positive cohort was more likely to have issues with disruptive behaviors, anger control, and inappropriate movements compared with the mutation-negative cohort.

Depression Associated With BMI in Youths

Depression Associated With BMI in Youths

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Children and adolescents who had used antidepressants or who had a diagnosis of depression were more likely to have a higher BMI.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

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National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

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Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

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Investigators used decomposition methods to examine the relative importance of genetic and environmental components to the burden of ADHD.

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

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These findings are important, as CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

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Investigators developed a test [The Test of Playfulness (ToP)] in order to examine children's play skills in peer-to-peer play interactions.

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

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So far, the clinical presentation of psychosis in childhood and adolescence has only been examined in a small number of studies which are limited by small sample sizes.

Hearing Impairment May Be Early Signal of Autism

Hearing Impairment May Be Early Signal of Autism

Researchers identified an inner-ear problem that might impair speech processing.

Study Protocol: How Does School Affect Adolescent Mental Health?

Study Protocol: How Does School Affect Adolescent Mental Health?

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The Kupol study provides a unique platform to evaluate the association between different aspects of school and adolescent mental health.

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

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Childhood is a critical developmental period in the brain's response to traumatic stress such as family adversity.

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

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Early life trauma interacts with FKBP5 genotype to predict heavy alcohol consumption in college students.

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

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Adolescents who experience chronic pain have higher prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in adulthood.

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

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Some of the strategies to improve memory extinction aim at plasticity pathways in the brain with the use of NMDA receptor-modulating drugs, such as D-cycloserine.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Progression of infant motor development is associated with cognitive ability in later childhood.

AAP Urges Pediatricians to Screen Teens for Suicide Risk Factors

AAP Urges Pediatricians to Screen Teens for Suicide Risk Factors

Identifying environmental factors that put teens at risk for suicidal behavior is crucial.

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

The city's water supply was poisoned with lead as a result of corrosion of leaded pipes.

There Is No Safe Level of Lead for Children

There Is No Safe Level of Lead for Children

Lead exposure is one of the most common preventable poisonings of childhood, and children are particularly sensitive to the effects of lead.

Children With ADHD May Adapt More Poorly To Changes In Positive Reinforcement Patterns

Children With ADHD May Adapt More Poorly To Changes In Positive Reinforcement Patterns

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Children with ADHD may adapt more poorly to changing positive reinforcements compared with typically developing children.

Meta-Analysis Indicates Antidepressants Ineffective in Children, Teens

Meta-Analysis Indicates Antidepressants Ineffective in Children, Teens

A systematic review showed that most antidepressants are ineffective, and sometimes risky, for children and teens.

Obese First Graders Experience High Rates of Bullying

Obese First Graders Experience High Rates of Bullying

As early as first grade, obese children experience bullying.

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