Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Maternal Glucocorticoid Exposure Not Associated With ADHD in Offspring

Maternal Glucocorticoid Exposure Not Associated With ADHD in Offspring

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Siblings with prenatal exposure to glucocorticoids were also compared with siblings with no exposure.

ASD With Intellectual Disability Possibly Reduced by Multivitamin Use During Pregnancy

ASD With Intellectual Disability Possibly Reduced by Multivitamin Use During Pregnancy

Multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy is tied to a reduced risk of autism spectrum disorder with intellectual disability.

Diabetes Risk for Children, Young Adults on Second-Generation Antipsychotics

Diabetes Risk for Children, Young Adults on Second-Generation Antipsychotics

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Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.

Pharmacologic Approach to Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in Children

Pharmacologic Approach to Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in Children

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Combination treatment may provide relief from the distinctive symptoms of severe, recurrent temper outbursts and persistent irritability.

The Current State of Autism:  From Etiology to Treatment

The Current State of Autism: From Etiology to Treatment

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Recent changes in our understanding of autism are driving advances in diagnosis, evidence-based treatment, and ultimately patient outcomes.

Emotional Problems Facing Siblings of Children With Disabilities

Emotional Problems Facing Siblings of Children With Disabilities

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Siblings of children with disabilities may experience a "wide range of emotions.

Depression Severity Inversely Correlated With Body Composition in Adolescents

Depression Severity Inversely Correlated With Body Composition in Adolescents

Depression severity was inversely associated, prospectively, with body mass index (BMI), fat mass index, and lean BMI z scores.

Pediatric Anxiety With Migraine Exacerbated By Attachment Insecurity

Pediatric Anxiety With Migraine Exacerbated By Attachment Insecurity

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Individual psychotherapy is a recommended treatment for anxiety in children and adolescents with migraine.

Mental Health, Behavioral Screenings Vital for Pediatric Patients With T1D

Mental Health, Behavioral Screenings Vital for Pediatric Patients With T1D

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Mental health and behavioral screenings should be routine part of care for pediatric patients with diabetes.

Autism Symptoms Not Aided By Special Diets, Supplements

Autism Symptoms Not Aided By Special Diets, Supplements

Children with ASD do not benefit from the use of nutritional supplements or dietary therapies for children with ASD, according to researchers.

Adverse Childhood Experience Linked to Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Adverse Childhood Experience Linked to Adverse Cardiovascular Events

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As a result of impaired coronary distensibility index, individuals with adverse childhood experience may have a greater risk for MACE.

Psychiatric Disorders in Children Linked to Celiac Disease

Psychiatric Disorders in Children Linked to Celiac Disease

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Children with celiac disease are at a 1.4-fold increased risk for psychiatric disorders.

Challenges For a Proper Transition from Pediatric Care to Adult Care

Challenges For a Proper Transition from Pediatric Care to Adult Care

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Planning for transitioning from pediatric care to adult care beings when the patients is a child or adolescent.

Pediatric Patients Should Undergo Electrocardiogram Assessment Before Antipsychotic Treatment

Pediatric Patients Should Undergo Electrocardiogram Assessment Before Antipsychotic Treatment

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Cardiac safety is integral to child and adolescent antipsychotic therapy.

Connection Found Between Emotional Abuse and Migraine

Connection Found Between Emotional Abuse and Migraine

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Childhood emotional abuse may directly lead to the development of migraine in young adults.

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

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Incidence rate ratios were more increased for parental diagnoses of antisocial personality, cannabis use, and parental suicide attempt.

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

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Children and teens who used stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder had lower bone mineral content and bone density than nonusers.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

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National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

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Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

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Investigators used decomposition methods to examine the relative importance of genetic and environmental components to the burden of ADHD.

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

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These findings are important, as CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

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Investigators developed a test [The Test of Playfulness (ToP)] in order to examine children's play skills in peer-to-peer play interactions.

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

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So far, the clinical presentation of psychosis in childhood and adolescence has only been examined in a small number of studies which are limited by small sample sizes.

Marijuana Poisonings in Toddlers Rising in Colorado

Marijuana Poisonings in Toddlers Rising in Colorado

Marijuana-laced candy and baked goods are attractive to children, increasing calls to poison centers.

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

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Childhood is a critical developmental period in the brain's response to traumatic stress such as family adversity.

Aberrant Reward Processing Likely Precedes Psychotic Disorders

Aberrant Reward Processing Likely Precedes Psychotic Disorders

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Genetic risk for psychosis influences reward processing in healthy adolescents.

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

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Early life trauma interacts with FKBP5 genotype to predict heavy alcohol consumption in college students.

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

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Adolescents who experience chronic pain have higher prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in adulthood.

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

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Some of the strategies to improve memory extinction aim at plasticity pathways in the brain with the use of NMDA receptor-modulating drugs, such as D-cycloserine.

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