Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

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Incidence rate ratios were more increased for parental diagnoses of antisocial personality, cannabis use, and parental suicide attempt.

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

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Children and teens who used stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder had lower bone mineral content and bone density than nonusers.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

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National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

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Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

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Investigators used decomposition methods to examine the relative importance of genetic and environmental components to the burden of ADHD.

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

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These findings are important, as CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

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Investigators developed a test [The Test of Playfulness (ToP)] in order to examine children's play skills in peer-to-peer play interactions.

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

Longer Untreated Psychosis in Youth Associated With Worse Outcomes

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So far, the clinical presentation of psychosis in childhood and adolescence has only been examined in a small number of studies which are limited by small sample sizes.

Marijuana Poisonings in Toddlers Rising in Colorado

Marijuana Poisonings in Toddlers Rising in Colorado

Marijuana-laced candy and baked goods are attractive to children, increasing calls to poison centers.

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

Neural Correlates of Emotion Regulation in Adolescence Following Childhood Adversity

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Childhood is a critical developmental period in the brain's response to traumatic stress such as family adversity.

Aberrant Reward Processing Likely Precedes Psychotic Disorders

Aberrant Reward Processing Likely Precedes Psychotic Disorders

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Genetic risk for psychosis influences reward processing in healthy adolescents.

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

Interactive Effects of Genotype and Childhood Adversity on Alcohol Consumption

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Early life trauma interacts with FKBP5 genotype to predict heavy alcohol consumption in college students.

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

The Long-Term Mental Health Outcomes of Adolescent Chronic Pain

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Adolescents who experience chronic pain have higher prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in adulthood.

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

D-cycloserine Not Effective as an Augmentation Strategy for CBT in Pediatric OCD

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Some of the strategies to improve memory extinction aim at plasticity pathways in the brain with the use of NMDA receptor-modulating drugs, such as D-cycloserine.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Infant Motor Skills May Predict Later Childhood Cognitive Development

Progression of infant motor development is associated with cognitive ability in later childhood.

AAP Urges Pediatricians to Screen Teens for Suicide Risk Factors

AAP Urges Pediatricians to Screen Teens for Suicide Risk Factors

Identifying environmental factors that put teens at risk for suicidal behavior is crucial.

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

CDC Report: Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis Was "Entirely Preventable"

The city's water supply was poisoned with lead as a result of corrosion of leaded pipes.

Potential Drug Target Identified for Flaviviruses Such as Zika, Dengue, and West Nile

Potential Drug Target Identified for Flaviviruses Such as Zika, Dengue, and West Nile

A pregnant woman can pass Zika virus to her fetus during pregnancy.

There Is No Safe Level of Lead for Children

There Is No Safe Level of Lead for Children

Lead exposure is one of the most common preventable poisonings of childhood, and children are particularly sensitive to the effects of lead.

Cognitive Ability and Brain Gray Matter in Adolescents With Type 2 Diabetes

Cognitive Ability and Brain Gray Matter in Adolescents With Type 2 Diabetes

High-resolution MRI revealed an association between less gray matter and the ability to pronounce and sound out unfamiliar words.

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