Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Youth With Gender Nonconformity Vulnerable to Adversity

Youth With Gender Nonconformity Vulnerable to Adversity

Youth with gender nonconformity are vulnerable to experiencing adversity.

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Suicide Risk After Self-Harm Among Adolescents, Young Adults

Adolescents have an increased risk of suicide after nonfatal self-harm.

Effect of Antidepressant Class, Dose on Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

Effect of Antidepressant Class, Dose on Pediatric Anxiety Disorders

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Researchers identified 9 trials examining the efficacy of SSRIs or SSNRIs in the treatment of social, generalized and/or separation anxiety disorder in pediatric patients.

Bullying, Maltreatment in Childhood May Increase Risk for Teen Pregnancy

Bullying, Maltreatment in Childhood May Increase Risk for Teen Pregnancy

Teen pregnancy is higher among sexual minorities due to maltreatment and bullying.

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

Limited Evidence of Victimization-Induced DNA Methylation

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Investigators believe this is the most comprehensive analysis of epigenetic alterations due to victimization stress in a pediatric population.

Neurodevelopment in Children: Nutrients Key in First 1000 Days

Neurodevelopment in Children: Nutrients Key in First 1000 Days

Providing healthy eating and adequate nutrients to a baby during their first 1000 days is important for optimal neurodevelopment.

Paternal Depression Linked to Risk for Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents

Paternal Depression Linked to Risk for Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents

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Researchers found a positive association between paternal and adolescent depressive symptoms.

Poor Treatment Response in Adolescent Depression Not Linked to Network Density

Poor Treatment Response in Adolescent Depression Not Linked to Network Density

Adolescents with depression do not have more densely connected networks.

Maternal Glucocorticoid Exposure Not Associated With ADHD in Offspring

Maternal Glucocorticoid Exposure Not Associated With ADHD in Offspring

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Siblings with prenatal exposure to glucocorticoids were also compared with siblings with no exposure.

ASD With Intellectual Disability Possibly Reduced by Multivitamin Use During Pregnancy

ASD With Intellectual Disability Possibly Reduced by Multivitamin Use During Pregnancy

Multivitamin supplementation during pregnancy is tied to a reduced risk of autism spectrum disorder with intellectual disability.

Diabetes Risk for Children, Young Adults on Second-Generation Antipsychotics

Diabetes Risk for Children, Young Adults on Second-Generation Antipsychotics

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Type 2 diabetes is greater with second-generation antipsychotics than with non-second-generation antipsychotic psychotropic medications for patients aged 6 to 25 years.

Pharmacologic Approach to Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in Children

Pharmacologic Approach to Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in Children

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Combination treatment may provide relief from the distinctive symptoms of severe, recurrent temper outbursts and persistent irritability.

The Current State of Autism:  From Etiology to Treatment

The Current State of Autism: From Etiology to Treatment

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Recent changes in our understanding of autism are driving advances in diagnosis, evidence-based treatment, and ultimately patient outcomes.

Emotional Problems Facing Siblings of Children With Disabilities

Emotional Problems Facing Siblings of Children With Disabilities

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Siblings of children with disabilities may experience a "wide range of emotions.

Depression Severity Inversely Correlated With Body Composition in Adolescents

Depression Severity Inversely Correlated With Body Composition in Adolescents

Depression severity was inversely associated, prospectively, with body mass index (BMI), fat mass index, and lean BMI z scores.

Pediatric Anxiety With Migraine Exacerbated By Attachment Insecurity

Pediatric Anxiety With Migraine Exacerbated By Attachment Insecurity

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Individual psychotherapy is a recommended treatment for anxiety in children and adolescents with migraine.

Mental Health, Behavioral Screenings Vital for Pediatric Patients With T1D

Mental Health, Behavioral Screenings Vital for Pediatric Patients With T1D

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Mental health and behavioral screenings should be routine part of care for pediatric patients with diabetes.

Autism Symptoms Not Aided By Special Diets, Supplements

Autism Symptoms Not Aided By Special Diets, Supplements

Children with ASD do not benefit from the use of nutritional supplements or dietary therapies for children with ASD, according to researchers.

Adverse Childhood Experience Linked to Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Adverse Childhood Experience Linked to Adverse Cardiovascular Events

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As a result of impaired coronary distensibility index, individuals with adverse childhood experience may have a greater risk for MACE.

Psychiatric Disorders in Children Linked to Celiac Disease

Psychiatric Disorders in Children Linked to Celiac Disease

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Children with celiac disease are at a 1.4-fold increased risk for psychiatric disorders.

Challenges For a Proper Transition from Pediatric Care to Adult Care

Challenges For a Proper Transition from Pediatric Care to Adult Care

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Planning for transitioning from pediatric care to adult care beings when the patients is a child or adolescent.

Pediatric Patients Should Undergo Electrocardiogram Assessment Before Antipsychotic Treatment

Pediatric Patients Should Undergo Electrocardiogram Assessment Before Antipsychotic Treatment

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Cardiac safety is integral to child and adolescent antipsychotic therapy.

Connection Found Between Emotional Abuse and Migraine

Connection Found Between Emotional Abuse and Migraine

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Childhood emotional abuse may directly lead to the development of migraine in young adults.

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

Parental Mental Health History Confers Suicide, Violence Risks in Offspring

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Incidence rate ratios were more increased for parental diagnoses of antisocial personality, cannabis use, and parental suicide attempt.

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

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Children and teens who used stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder had lower bone mineral content and bone density than nonusers.

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

Spotlight on Teen Suicide Prevention

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National Suicide Prevention Week, September 5 - 11, 2016

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy Associated With Tourette Syndrome in Offspring

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Maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy has previously been linked with numerous long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities and child behavioral problems.

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

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Investigators used decomposition methods to examine the relative importance of genetic and environmental components to the burden of ADHD.

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

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These findings are important, as CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

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