autism spectrum disorders

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Early Autism Screening Tools: Getting to the Bottom of False Negatives

Early Autism Screening Tools: Getting to the Bottom of False Negatives

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The researchers emphasized the importance of continuing the path toward precise tools for early autism diagnosis that will enable prompt intervention.

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

Much International Consensus Regarding Employment in Autism

There is international consensus as to the importance of work experience and vocational training for helping individuals with ASD obtain employment.

CDC Report: Examining the Prevalence of Autism Among Children in the United States

CDC Report: Examining the Prevalence of Autism Among Children in the United States

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These data indicate an increased need for "behavioral, educational, residential, and occupational services" at various levels across the United States and emphasize the importance of research on the risk factors for ASD.

Electroconvulsive Therapy Effective in Children With Autism

Electroconvulsive Therapy Effective in Children With Autism

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Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been used for refractory psychiatric conditions in the United States since 1938. Despite this, few practitioners are comfortable recommending ECT for minors.

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

How Parents Can Enhance Autism Treatment: Use of Intervention Strategies at Home

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Parents using intervention strategies in addition to the interventionist working directly with the child can be very beneficial, as an interventionist only gets to see a child for a few hours a week.

Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorder and OCD: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorder and OCD: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment

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One of the requirements for diagnosing OCD is that the individuals don't want to engage in their behaviors. However, youth with autism who have verbal skills often say that they feel content with their repetitive behaviors and have no interest in stopping them.

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

No Association Observed Between Plasma β-endorphin Levels and Pain Reactivity in Autism

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These results challenge modern theories that disturbances in the endogenous opioid of patients with autism may affect pain reactivity.

Autism Does Not Affect Metabolic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

Autism Does Not Affect Metabolic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

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Awareness of ASD and its manifestations and comorbidities remain imperative in the treatment of T1D, as both conditions require long-term medical follow-up to continue improving diabetes care and metabolic control outcomes.

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

Prenatal Exposure to Opiates, Illicit Substances Associated With ADHD, Autism in Offspring

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The results of this study suggest that children prenatally exposed to substances should receive early mental health assessment.

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

The Consequences of Compensation in Autism

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One of the biggest challenges faced by individuals with ASD is finding ways to be happy and successful in a neurotypical world.

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS

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These data confirmed the increased risk for psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS, and indicated an increased risk for ADHD and ASD in their children.

Children With Autism, ADHD at Increased Risk for Anxiety, Mood Disorders

Children With Autism, ADHD at Increased Risk for Anxiety, Mood Disorders

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Recognizing the increased risk for mood disorders in children with ASD and ADHD may be useful for clinicians and parents in developing proper screening and treatment strategies.

Autism and Depth of Prenatal Ultrasonographic Penetration: Is There a Link?

Autism and Depth of Prenatal Ultrasonographic Penetration: Is There a Link?

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Greater depth of ultrasonography may be more likely to alter subependymal or germinal matrix cell migration rather than the more superficial cerebral cortical cells of the developing brain.

Cognitive Enhancement Therapy Beneficial for Neurocognitive Function in Autism

Cognitive Enhancement Therapy Beneficial for Neurocognitive Function in Autism

Cognitive enhancement therapy seems to be beneficial in neurocognitive function for adults with autism spectrum disorder.

Genetic Counseling in Autism: Risk of Recurrence Based on Sibling's Gender

Genetic Counseling in Autism: Risk of Recurrence Based on Sibling's Gender

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These findings may prove valuable in counseling families about the likelihood of disease recurrence in subsequent offspring.

Treating ASD With Theater: Interview with Expert Dr Blythe Corbett

Treating ASD With Theater: Interview with Expert Dr Blythe Corbett

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Psychiatrists should think beyond traditional models of therapy when looking to engage patients with ASD.

Study Elucidates Role of DIXDC1 Gene in Psychiatric Pathogenesis

Study Elucidates Role of DIXDC1 Gene in Psychiatric Pathogenesis

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Dixdc1 knockout mice demonstrated behaviors suggestive of depression, anxiety, and impaired social behavior.

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

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While past studies have shown that younger siblings with an affected older sibling are at higher risk of autism, these findings have not been evaluated in a large, racially and ethnically diverse population.

New Study Finds No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism

New Study Finds No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism

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These results are contrary to results from a prior large population study.

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

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The longer autism spectrum disorder insurance mandates remained in place, the more that mandate-associated treated prevalence increased.

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

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In vitro assays hold promise as diagnostic tools in complex neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

Addressing Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Autism

Addressing Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Autism

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Ann Neumayer, MD, suggests that giving too many supplements can be harmful as well as giving too few.

Early Immune Biomarkers Identified for Autism Subphenotype

Early Immune Biomarkers Identified for Autism Subphenotype

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The immune system dysregulation during pregnancy may lead to or exacerbate neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism.

Wandering Poses Serious Risks to Children With ASD

Wandering Poses Serious Risks to Children With ASD

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Children with an autism spectrum disorder often have a different sensory profile than those without, and they may wander because of an overreaction to sensory stimulation such as noises or smells.

High Rate Of Spouses Who Share Psychiatric Disorders

High Rate Of Spouses Who Share Psychiatric Disorders

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The research represents the first general population study of assortative mating in psychiatric disorders.

Comorbid Maternal Obesity, Diabetes Increase Risk of Autism in Children

Comorbid Maternal Obesity, Diabetes Increase Risk of Autism in Children

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The combination of maternal obesity and diabetes was associated with a greater risk of autism in children than either obesity or diabetes alone.

Neurodevelopment Reduced in Children With Autism

Neurodevelopment Reduced in Children With Autism

The "social" part of the brain is underdeveloped in children with autism.

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