autism spectrum disorders

Study Elucidates Role of DIXDC1 Gene in Psychiatric Pathogenesis

Study Elucidates Role of DIXDC1 Gene in Psychiatric Pathogenesis

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Dixdc1 knockout mice demonstrated behaviors suggestive of depression, anxiety, and impaired social behavior.

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

Reduced Functional Connectivity of the Amygdala in Young Children With Autism

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Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

Autism: Does Race, Sex Affect Risk of Younger Siblings With Affected Older Siblings?

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While past studies have shown that younger siblings with an affected older sibling are at higher risk of autism, these findings have not been evaluated in a large, racially and ethnically diverse population.

New Study Finds No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism

New Study Finds No Link Between Labor Induction and Autism

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These results are contrary to results from a prior large population study.

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

Increase in Treatment of Children with Autism Remains Modest Following Insurance Mandates

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The longer autism spectrum disorder insurance mandates remained in place, the more that mandate-associated treated prevalence increased.

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

In Vitro Modeling of Early Brain Overgrowth in Autism

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In vitro assays hold promise as diagnostic tools in complex neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism.

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

Autism and Epilepsy Comorbidity: Shared Etiology?

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The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.

Addressing Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Autism

Addressing Common Nutritional Deficiencies in Autism

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Ann Neumayer, MD, suggests that giving too many supplements can be harmful as well as giving too few.

Early Immune Biomarkers Identified for Autism Subphenotype

Early Immune Biomarkers Identified for Autism Subphenotype

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The immune system dysregulation during pregnancy may lead to or exacerbate neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism.

Wandering Poses Serious Risks to Children With ASD

Wandering Poses Serious Risks to Children With ASD

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Children with an autism spectrum disorder often have a different sensory profile than those without, and they may wander because of an overreaction to sensory stimulation such as noises or smells.

High Rate Of Spouses Who Share Psychiatric Disorders

High Rate Of Spouses Who Share Psychiatric Disorders

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The research represents the first general population study of assortative mating in psychiatric disorders.

Comorbid Maternal Obesity, Diabetes Increase Risk of Autism in Children

Comorbid Maternal Obesity, Diabetes Increase Risk of Autism in Children

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The combination of maternal obesity and diabetes was associated with a greater risk of autism in children than either obesity or diabetes alone.

Neurodevelopment Reduced in Children With Autism

Neurodevelopment Reduced in Children With Autism

The "social" part of the brain is underdeveloped in children with autism.

Another Study Disproves Alleged Autism/Vaccine Link

Another Study Disproves Alleged Autism/Vaccine Link

No infant monkeys given vaccines with or without thimerosal developed symptoms of autism.

Exergaming Improves Executive Function, Motor Skills in Autism Kids

Exergaming Improves Executive Function, Motor Skills in Autism Kids

Children saw improvements in response speed, working memory and motor ability after playing Makoto arena over 30 sessions.

Behaviors Differs in Boys and Girls With Autism

Behaviors Differs in Boys and Girls With Autism

Girls tended to have less-severe repetitive and restricted behaviors.

Autistic Traits May Be Connected to More Advanced Creativity

Autistic Traits May Be Connected to More Advanced Creativity

Although people with a high number of autistic traits may have fewer creative ideas, the ones they come up with are more unique.

Skills Program Helps Young Adults With Autism Socialize With Peers

Skills Program Helps Young Adults With Autism Socialize With Peers

Young adults who completed 16 weeks of the PEERS program also saw improvement in empathy and responsibility.

New Classification System May Explain Rise in Autism Diagnoses

New Classification System May Explain Rise in Autism Diagnoses

Autism spectrum disorder often overlaps with other similar developmental disorders.

Smell Test Could Provide Earlier Diagnosis of Autism

Smell Test Could Provide Earlier Diagnosis of Autism

Researchers find that unlike typically developing children, most kids with autism fail to adjust their sniffing to stinky odors.

Rare Speech Disorder May Affect Two-Thirds of Kids With Autism

Rare Speech Disorder May Affect Two-Thirds of Kids With Autism

Apraxia, which is characterized by difficulty in coordinating the tongue, lips and mouth to make speech, appears to be common in autism.

Low Glycemic Index Diet May Curb Autism Symptoms

Low Glycemic Index Diet May Curb Autism Symptoms

Autistic-bred mice fed diets with a low glycemic index (fruits, vegetables and whole grains) saw a reduction in autistic behaviors.

100-Year-Old Drug Suramin Under Investigation As Autism Treatment

100-Year-Old Drug Suramin Under Investigation As Autism Treatment

Twenty male children are to be enrolled in a phase 1 trial that will test the effectiveness of antimicrobial drug suramin in treating autism.

Early Autism Intervention Program Reaps Long-Term Benefits

Early Autism Intervention Program Reaps Long-Term Benefits

An intensive, one-on-one therapy that can begin as soon as a toddler is 18 months old shows more improvement in autism symptoms that standard treatment.

Autism Risk Higher If Parents Are Older, Have Large Age Difference

Autism Risk Higher If Parents Are Older, Have Large Age Difference

Children also more likely to develop autism if they are born to teen moms, older parents, and if parents have large age gap between them

Functioning in Autism May Be Influenced By Child's Stress Level

Functioning in Autism May Be Influenced By Child's Stress Level

Lower-functioning children with autism had higher levels of the stress hormone cortisol than higher-functioning peers with the disorder.

Chair That Mimics Hugging May Help Those With Autism

Chair That Mimics Hugging May Help Those With Autism

The "Sensory Lounger" is a normal looking chair but with inflatable cylinders that apply deep-touch pressure, which soothes those with autism.

Large Study Questions Whether Autism Rates Are Really Rising

Large Study Questions Whether Autism Rates Are Really Rising

Based on ongoing Swedish study of twins, 1% of them met criteria for autism in recent years, though national health registry shows larger increase.

Pets May Help Ease Social Anxiety in Kids With Autism

Pets May Help Ease Social Anxiety in Kids With Autism

When kids with autism started playing with guinea pigs, their skin conductance, a measure of anxiety, started to decline.

Children Born to Obese Moms Have Higher ADHD, Autism Risk

Children Born to Obese Moms Have Higher ADHD, Autism Risk

Kids born to obese mothers four times as likely to have ADHD and three times as likely to have autism compared to children born to healthy weight moms.

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