Autism Spectrum Disorder
Study results suggest continued study of arbaclofen for autism spectrum disorder.
Autism is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder that is approximately 4 times more prevalent in males than females.
Investigators examined functional connectivity between the amygdala and the mPFC, bilateral temporal lobe, striatum, thalamus, cingulate cortex, and cerebellum in children diagnosed with autism and age-matched control participants.
While past studies have shown that younger siblings with an affected older sibling are at higher risk of autism, these findings have not been evaluated in a large, racially and ethnically diverse population.
Researchers identified an inner-ear problem that might impair speech processing.
These results are contrary to results from a prior large population study.
The longer autism spectrum disorder insurance mandates remained in place, the more that mandate-associated treated prevalence increased.
In vitro assays hold promise as diagnostic tools in complex neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism.
The results indicate a 10-fold increased risk of future autism in patients diagnosed with epilepsy.
Ann Neumayer, MD, suggests that giving too many supplements can be harmful as well as giving too few.
The immune system dysregulation during pregnancy may lead to or exacerbate neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism.
New technologies and methodological approaches are starting to elucidate the relationship between DNA and complex human behavior.
Women who took vitamin B and folate supplements during pregnancy were less likely to have a child with autism.
However, researchers emphasize that the finding doesn't prove causation.
The benefits of risperidone in autism spectrum disorder have been established, but these findings suggest that benefits have to be weighed against the health risks.
Children with an autism spectrum disorder often have a different sensory profile than those without, and they may wander because of an overreaction to sensory stimulation such as noises or smells.
Autistic children are known to have increased rates of epilepsy, but many prior studies attempting to quantify these rates are small.
Objective measures of autism symptom severity are necessary to accurately diagnose autism and measure the effectiveness of treatment interventions.
Special education resources appear to play a significant role in early diagnosis of ASD.
Those taking atypical antipsychotics also showed a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Telepsychiatry could help with the major shortage of psychiatrists in the US.
Researchers say that many studies exist that support the idea that children should be screened for autism as early as possible.
Insufficient evidence to assess benefits, harms of screening for children in whom no concerns raised.
Recent studies have shown that AAT may improve outcomes and reduce various symptoms for people with depression, anxiety, dementia.
The risk increased with longer follow-up, was greater in males and was particularly associated with olanzapine.
Comorbid neurological and/or mental disorders contribute to increased mortality risk in ASD.
Nerve cells from Rett Syndrome patients saw increased levels of an important molecule critical for neurotransmitter functioning after being given IGF1.
Previous studies finding a link between antidepressants and autism may have actually been finding a link between autism and maternal depression itself.
Researchers found increased levels of the proteins nestin and CD34 in autistic brains, molecular markers of angiogenesis.
Those with autism have trouble in social situations because of an inability to effectively infer other's thoughts and feelings.
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