Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

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While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

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Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.

Characterizing Patterns of Methylphenidate Abuse in Pediatric and Adult Populations

Characterizing Patterns of Methylphenidate Abuse in Pediatric and Adult Populations

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Clinician awareness of this issue is essential in order to continue providing effective treatment while attempting to reduce abuse of these prescription drugs.

Prevalence of ADHD Relatively Stable Over Time Despite Increase in Diagnoses

Prevalence of ADHD Relatively Stable Over Time Despite Increase in Diagnoses

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Researchers believe that the large increases in clinical ADHD diagnoses were unlikely to be representative of a real bump in prevalence.

Study Results Challenge Concerns About ADHD Medication and Seizure Risk

Study Results Challenge Concerns About ADHD Medication and Seizure Risk

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These results may mitigate concerns by physicians regarding the pharmacological treatment of individuals with ADHD.

Behavior Therapy Reduces Tic Severity, But Less for Youth with ADHD

Behavior Therapy Reduces Tic Severity, But Less for Youth with ADHD

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Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce tic severity, as has behavior therapy. However, the mechanisms behind the efficacy of behavior therapy have yet to be clarified by research.

Increased Risk for ADHD in Offspring of Parents With Type 1 Diabetes

Increased Risk for ADHD in Offspring of Parents With Type 1 Diabetes

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After a median of 25 years of follow-up, 2.4% of those born to a parent with a type 1 diabetes diagnosis were diagnosed with ADHD, compared with only 1.5% of the matched controls.

ADHD Medication Prescription Trends Among Women of Reproductive Age

ADHD Medication Prescription Trends Among Women of Reproductive Age

There is an increase in ADHD medication prescriptions in reproductive-aged women.

Meta-analysis of Pharmacological, Non-Pharmacological Treatments for ADHD

Meta-analysis of Pharmacological, Non-Pharmacological Treatments for ADHD

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Clinical differences may exist between the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments commonly used for the management of ADHD.

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

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Children and teens who used stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder had lower bone mineral content and bone density than nonusers.

Does Methylphenidate Lead to Treatment-Emergent Mania?

Does Methylphenidate Lead to Treatment-Emergent Mania?

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Patients with comorbid bipolar disorder and ADHD may benefit from methylphenidate treatment, if it can be done without incurring the risk of mania.

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

Patterns and Strength of Familial Aggregation of ADHD

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Investigators used decomposition methods to examine the relative importance of genetic and environmental components to the burden of ADHD.

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

Childhood ADHD and Adulthood Alcohol Problems: The Role of Emotional Impulsivity

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These findings are important, as CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

Parent- and Peer-Mediated Intervention Improves Social Play Skills of Children With ADHD

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Investigators developed a test [The Test of Playfulness (ToP)] in order to examine children's play skills in peer-to-peer play interactions.

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

ADHD and OCD Individuals Differ in Brain Structure and Function

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Neuropsychological findings indicate that similar executive functions are affected in ADHD and OCD, but new neuroimaging data indicate differences exist in brain structure and function.

ADHD Symptoms in Adulthood Vary Based on Work Environment

ADHD Symptoms in Adulthood Vary Based on Work Environment

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While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments such as medication, psychotherapy, education, or training can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning.

Children With ADHD May Adapt More Poorly To Changes In Positive Reinforcement Patterns

Children With ADHD May Adapt More Poorly To Changes In Positive Reinforcement Patterns

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Children with ADHD may adapt more poorly to changing positive reinforcements compared with typically developing children.

ADHD Can Emerge in Young Adulthood

ADHD Can Emerge in Young Adulthood

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For some people, symptoms of ADHD do not emerge until after childhood.

Slight Age Difference Could Influence ADHD Diagnosis, Treatment

Slight Age Difference Could Influence ADHD Diagnosis, Treatment

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Study is first to investigate the influence of relative age on ADHD diagnosis and treatment in an Asian country.

ADHD Meds May Weaken Bones in Children, Adolescents

ADHD Meds May Weaken Bones in Children, Adolescents

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Clinicians should realize the potential harm ADHD medications may pose to maturing bones, and consider nutritional counseling.

Are Increased Academic Demands At Root of Rise in ADHD?

Are Increased Academic Demands At Root of Rise in ADHD?

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From 1981 to 1997, time spent teaching 3- to 5-year-olds letters and numbers increased 30%.

Common ADHD Scales Equally Accurate in Diagnosing Condition

Common ADHD Scales Equally Accurate in Diagnosing Condition

Both scales yield moderate sensitivity for diagnosing ADHD in children and adolescents.

Telepsychiatry is Rising in Popularity, Despite Hurdles

Telepsychiatry is Rising in Popularity, Despite Hurdles

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Telepsychiatry could help with the major shortage of psychiatrists in the US.

Adderall Abuse Rising the Most Among Young Adults

Adderall Abuse Rising the Most Among Young Adults

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Findings are contrary to suggestions that the most severe misuse of Adderall is among older children.

How Nutritional Interventions Can Help Improve Mental Illnesses

How Nutritional Interventions Can Help Improve Mental Illnesses

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Although not usually considered as part of primary treatment, nutrition addresses the crucial link between food and brain functioning.

Bullied Preemies At Greater Risk for Mental Illness as Adults

Bullied Preemies At Greater Risk for Mental Illness as Adults

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Preemies may possess elevated levels of characteristics that put them at risk for peer victimization, including more anxiety and depression.

Antipsychotics May Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Antipsychotics May Raise Type 2 Diabetes Risk

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The risk increased with longer follow-up, was greater in males and was particularly associated with olanzapine.

Maker of Brain Games Lumosity Settles FTC Charges

Maker of Brain Games Lumosity Settles FTC Charges

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Lumos Labs, the creators of Lumosity, will pay $2 million to settle Federal Trade Commission charges.

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