Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in Adulthood

Improving Medication Adherence in ADHD Lowers Risk for Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder in Adulthood

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Researchers found that children who were compliant with drug therapy had a significantly lower risk for oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder than those who were noncompliant.

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

High Suicidality Among Children With ADHD Mediated by Family Functioning, Psychiatry Comorbidities

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Clinicians may find these data useful in considering the mediating effects of family function and psychiatric comorbidities among patients with ADHD.

Differences in Efficacy and Tolerability of ADHD Medications Across Age Groups

Differences in Efficacy and Tolerability of ADHD Medications Across Age Groups

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Guidelines on which ADHD medications should be preferred across different age groups are unclear, and the safety and benefits of these medications remain controversial.

Adult Smoking and Depression Are Contributing Factors to ADHD in Children and Adolescents

Adult Smoking and Depression Are Contributing Factors to ADHD in Children and Adolescents

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The authors argue that, given the findings of this study, the awareness of the detrimental effects of both smoking and depression upon children should be raised among parents.

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

Last 20 Years Saw Increase in Prevalence of ADHD in Children

From 1997-1998 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in the prevalence of ADHD among children.

FDA Rejects ADHD Drug NDA Citing Need for More Data

FDA Rejects ADHD Drug NDA Citing Need for More Data

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The FDA stated that the dasotraline NDA cannot be approved in its current form and is requiring additional data to further assess the efficacy and tolerability of the drug.

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

Children With Subsyndromal ADHD Have Significant Morbidity and Disability

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Compared with controls, those with subthreshold ADHD experienced greater impairments in social functioning and had higher rates of requiring extra help in school.

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate Good First-Choice Pediatric ADHD Drug

Methylphenidate should be considered as a first choice for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents.

ADHD modestly associated with higher frequency of digital media use among teens

In this prospective cohort trial, teens with significant ADHD symptoms were slightly more likely to be associated with a higher frequency of digital media use.

ADHD Medications Compared for Efficacy, Tolerability in Children and Adults

ADHD Medications Compared for Efficacy, Tolerability in Children and Adults

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The 7 treatments included in the study were amphetamines (including lisdexamfetamine), atomoxetine, bupropion, clonidine, guanfacine, methylphenidate, and modafinil.

Jornay PM Approved for the Treatment of ADHD

Jornay PM Approved for the Treatment of ADHD

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Jornay PM utilizes the proprietary Delexis drug delivery platform which consists of 2 functional film coatings: the first layer delays the initial drug release for up to 10 hours and the second layer helps control the release rate of the active ingredient throughout the day.

Digital Media Engagement Associated With ADHD Symptoms in Adolescents

Digital Media Engagement Associated With ADHD Symptoms in Adolescents

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These results indicate an association between adolescent engagement in digital media activities and subsequent ADHD symptoms.

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

High Frequency of Digital Media Use Linked to ADHD Symptoms

There is a modest, but statistically significant, association between higher frequency of digital media use and subsequent symptoms of ADHD among adolescents.

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

Younger Gestational Age Associated With Symptoms of ADHD in Children

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These findings illustrate potential gains of reducing the number of preterm births and the importance of providing custom support to children born preterm to prevent neurodevelopmental problems.

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

Nonstimulants May Be an Appropriate Alternative to Stimulants for Treating ADHD

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Nonstimulants may be an appropriate alternative in cases in which co-occurring conditions might prevent the administration of stimulants.

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

Chromosome 22q11.2 Rearrangements May Predispose Individuals to Autism, ADHD

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The high risk for several neuropsychiatric and developmental disorders supports more extended use of genetic testing in child and adolescent psychiatry.

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early Preterm Birth Linked to Increased ADHD Symptoms

Early preterm birth is associated with a higher level of ADHD symptoms in preschool children.

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to Maternal Hypertension May Up Risk for ASD, ADHD in Child

Exposure to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy may be associated with an increase in the risk for ASD and ADHD in offspring.

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

Brain Volume, ADHD Symptoms May Be Affected by Childhood Stressors

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While the authors discovered no "sensitive period," the number of stressful events was moderately associated with the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

Knowledge Gaps Found for Nondrug Therapy in Pediatric ADHD

There are considerable gaps in knowledge relating to the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD in pediatric patients.

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

Analyzing Methylphenidate-Associated Adverse Events in Youth

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Just as we need to be able to identify who is likely to benefit from treatment, we also need to be able to identify those who are most at risk of experiencing adverse events.

Characterizing Patterns of Methylphenidate Abuse in Pediatric and Adult Populations

Characterizing Patterns of Methylphenidate Abuse in Pediatric and Adult Populations

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Clinician awareness of this issue is essential in order to continue providing effective treatment while attempting to reduce abuse of these prescription drugs.

Prevalence of ADHD Relatively Stable Over Time Despite Increase in Diagnoses

Prevalence of ADHD Relatively Stable Over Time Despite Increase in Diagnoses

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Researchers believe that the large increases in clinical ADHD diagnoses were unlikely to be representative of a real bump in prevalence.

Study Results Challenge Concerns About ADHD Medication and Seizure Risk

Study Results Challenge Concerns About ADHD Medication and Seizure Risk

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These results may mitigate concerns by physicians regarding the pharmacological treatment of individuals with ADHD.

Behavior Therapy Reduces Tic Severity, But Less for Youth with ADHD

Behavior Therapy Reduces Tic Severity, But Less for Youth with ADHD

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Antipsychotics have been shown to reduce tic severity, as has behavior therapy. However, the mechanisms behind the efficacy of behavior therapy have yet to be clarified by research.

Increased Risk for ADHD in Offspring of Parents With Type 1 Diabetes

Increased Risk for ADHD in Offspring of Parents With Type 1 Diabetes

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After a median of 25 years of follow-up, 2.4% of those born to a parent with a type 1 diabetes diagnosis were diagnosed with ADHD, compared with only 1.5% of the matched controls.

ADHD Medication Prescription Trends Among Women of Reproductive Age

ADHD Medication Prescription Trends Among Women of Reproductive Age

There is an increase in ADHD medication prescriptions in reproductive-aged women.

Meta-analysis of Pharmacological, Non-Pharmacological Treatments for ADHD

Meta-analysis of Pharmacological, Non-Pharmacological Treatments for ADHD

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Clinical differences may exist between the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments commonly used for the management of ADHD.

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

ADHD Medications and Bone Density

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Children and teens who used stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder had lower bone mineral content and bone density than nonusers.

Does Methylphenidate Lead to Treatment-Emergent Mania?

Does Methylphenidate Lead to Treatment-Emergent Mania?

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Patients with comorbid bipolar disorder and ADHD may benefit from methylphenidate treatment, if it can be done without incurring the risk of mania.

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