Mortality rates decreased for alcohol use disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence between 1980 and 2014. Mortality rates for drug use disorders increased both nationally and in each county over the same period.
Because even moderate reductions in adolescent drinking and alcohol use disorders have the potential to reduce short- and long-term public health harms, these findings support broad implementation of the program.
Researchers calculated age-standardized mortality rates on a county level in the United States between 1980 and 2014, specifically examining rates for self-harm, interpersonal violence, alcohol use, and drug use.
There has been much variability in the capacity for pharmacological treatments to help curb alcoholism, and the research community has remained interested in determining specific factors that may predict the efficacy of treatments such as naltrexone.
A multisite, cross-sectional study found a large mismatch between previously diagnosed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the actual prevalence of cases identified.
Not many high-risk individuals who are motivated to reduce alcohol comsumption are successful after 6 months.
Parents should be advised that this practice is associated with risk, both directly and indirectly through increased access to alcohol from other sources.
Varenicline may have a role in the treatment of alcohol use disorder in men who smoke cigarettes.
These results support the use of reductions in WHO drinking risk levels as an efficacy outcome in clinical trials.
Alcohol use and high-risk drinking were increased from 2001-2002 to 2012-2013.
According to a study presented at the Research Society on Alcoholism, heavy drinking is associated with biological aging at a cellular level.
Women over the age of 60 demonstrate an increased an upward trend in the prevalence of current drinking.
Delays in treatment for psychosis can be associated with poorer outcomes.
Females are also closing the gender gap with regard to health problems associated with alcohol consumption.
Acute exposure to ethanol led to antidepressant and anxiolytic behaviors in rodents for up to 24 hours.
CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.
One topic of criticism is the relative dearth of scientific evidence regarding the efficacy of 12-step programs.
Prdm2 contributes to key behaviors and long-term neuroadaptations associated with alcohol dependence
Compared with men, women diagnosed with AUD have higher rates of premature death due to alcohol abuse.
Basic Research Findings for the Practicing Clinician
These findings are important, as CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.
Researchers assessed social cognition and social problem solving abilities by employing ecologically valid scenario-based tests.
The report also sheds light on the most significant predictors of substance abuse.
Early life trauma interacts with FKBP5 genotype to predict heavy alcohol consumption in college students.
Inhibition of D1 dopamine receptors in medium spiny neurons, or excitation of D1 dopamine receptors in medium spiny neurons, of the striatum, attenuated excessive alcohol consumption in mice.
By taking better care of their health, researchers expect that LINKAGE participants will have better outcomes than usual care participants over time.
Bipolar disorder (BD) is typically characterized by recurrent episodes of mania and depression, but the connection between BD and anxiety needs to be considered.
Approximately 40% of American college students engage in binge drinking at least once in the past 2 weeks.
Alcohol consumption may reduce myocardial infarction odds, but up likelihood of atrial fibrillation.
Comprehensive measurements of drinking behavior during episodes such as binge, abstinence, and relapse are essential to reveal the factors and mechanisms that underlie alcohol abuse and dependence.
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- #MeToo: Helping Victims Cope With Sexual Harassment
- Clinician Insight: Exploring the Link Between Bipolar Disorder and Binge Eating Disorder
- Association Between Psychosis and Development of Dementia in Older Men
- Phonemic Verbal Advantage in Mild Cognitive Impairment May Predict Risk for Alzheimer Disease
- Psychosis Could Be a Potential Side Effect of Steroid Treatment in Kids
- Triiodothyronine in the Treatment of Bipolar Depression
- Nutritional Influences on Bipolar Disorder in Children
- Old Challenges and New Directions in Managing Tardive Dyskinesia
- Early Intervention Strategies for Bipolar Disorder: Clinical Dilemmas and Directions
- Similar Rates of Childhood Trauma in Schizophrenia and Substance Use Disorders
- Psychiatric Comorbidities Increase Neurologic Disability in Multiple Sclerosis
- Self-Regulation Interventions Beneficial for Children
- Traumatic Brain Injury Associated With Increased Risk for Dementia
- Adverse Neurodevelopmental and Mental Health Outcomes in PCOS
- Depression and Sleep Disturbances: Common Bedfellows