Traumatic Brain Injury Increases Risk of Developing ADHD
the Psychiatry Advisor take:
Suffering a traumatic brain injury (TBI) may leave one more susceptible to developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Gabriela Ilie, PhD, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada, and colleagues examined data that was gleaned from a cross-sectional telephone survey of 4,000 Ontario adults.
Among adults who had a TBI, 5.9% also had been diagnosed with ADHD, the researchers reported in the Journal of Psychiatric Research. The figure rose to 6.6% when ADHD was measured by a self-report scale conducted during the interview.
The results are “not be surprising because some of the most persistent consequences of TBI include ADHD-like symptoms, such as memory and attention impairment, deficits in executive functions such as planning and organization, processing consonants and vowels and impulsive behavior,” Ilie said in a statement.
The number of TBIs around the world is increasing. The World Health Organization has predicted that by 2020, TBI will become the third largest contributor of disease and disability in the world, following heart disease and depression.
Adults who have suffered a traumatic brain injury at some point in their lives have a higher chance of developing ADHD.
A new study has found a "significant association" between adults who have suffered a traumatic brain injury at some point in their lives and who also have attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD).
The study, published today in the Journal of Psychiatric Research, supports research that found a similar association in children, said Dr. Gabriela Ilie, lead author of the study and a post-doctoral fellow at St. Michael's Hospital.
The data used in the adult study was collected by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's Monitor, a continuous, cross-sectional telephone survey of almost 4,000 Ontario residents age 18 and older. Traumatic brain injury was described as any injury to the head that resulted in loss of consciousness for at least five minutes or overnight hospitalization. ADHD was measured by self-reported history of an ADHD diagnosis or the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale known as the ASRS.
Sign Up for Free e-newsletters
Psychiatry Advisor Articles
- Family History of Psychiatric Disorders an Important Predictor of Postpartum Psychiatric Illness
- Antidepressant Use May Be Linked With Sustained Risk for Weight Gain
- MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy Effective for Treating PTSD in Veterans, First Responders
- New APA President Takes Office as the First African-American to Lead the Organization
- Substance Abuse and Primary Psychosis: A Closer Look
- Electroconvulsive Therapy Effective in Children With Autism
- The Cutting Edge of Schizophrenia Research: VR as Treatment for Psychosis
- Cannabidiol Not Associated With Improvement in Chronic Schizophrenia
- Methadone Maintenance Therapy Associated With Greater Access to Physician Care in HCV-Positive Drug Users
- Mental Health Comorbidity Examined in Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth
- New Dimensions in Psychopathy: Are There Cultural Differences in Psychopaths?
- Addressing Psychiatric Comorbidities in Inflammatory Rheumatic Diseases
- Exploring the Link Between Persistent Infection, Inflammation, and Mood Disorders
- CDC: No Change in Level of Uninsured in US in 2017
- Benefit of Behavioral Activation During TMS for Major Depressive Disorder