Increased ADHD Risk in Children Born to Young Parents

Share this content:

the Psychiatry Advisor take:

Children born to parents less than 20 years old are more likely to develop attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than children born to older parents, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Having one parent less than 20 years old increased the child’s risk of developing ADHD by approximately 50%, and having both parents that young increased the risk by almost 200%.

The study included 10,409 individuals with ADHD who were born between 1991 and 2005 and 39,125 matched controls. The researchers looked at several factors including parental psychiatric history, maternal socioeconomic status, marital status, maternal smoking during pregnancy, number of previous births, and birth weight for gestational age.

Children born to fathers aged less than 20 years old were 1.55 times more likely to develop ADHD compared with children born to fathers aged 26 to 29 years. Children born to young mothers were 1.41 times more likely to develop ADHD compared with children born to mothers aged 26 to 29 years. For children born to parents who were both under 20, their risk of developing ADHD was 1.94 times higher than children born to older parents.

The researchers believe that a combination of genetic risk and environmental factors contribute to the increased risk in this population.

In response to their findings, the researchers have launched a new study in hopes of developing programs to help young parents whose children have ADHD. The study, called Strongest Family, focuses on remote parent training for children with disruptive behavior.  

Increased ADHD Risk in Children Born to Young Parents
Increased ADHD Risk in Children Born to Young Parents

Children born to younger parents have an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a large, population-based study suggests.

In an analysis of data from more than 50,000 individuals in Finland, the researchers found that having one parent younger than 20 years increased the risk for childhood ADHD by approximately 50%. Children born to families in which both parents were younger than 20 years had almost twice the risk for ADHD.

"Health professionals who work with young parents should be aware of the increased risk of ADHD in offspring," investigators, led by Roshan Chudal, MBBS, MPH, Research Center for Child Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine and the University of Turku, Finland, write.

READ FULL ARTICLE From Med Scape
You must be a registered member of Psychiatry Advisor to post a comment.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters