Addiction

Opioid Overdose Deaths Reach Record Number in United States

Opioid Overdose Deaths Reach Record Number in United States

The number of opioid overdose deaths in the United States reached a new record last year with 72,000 deaths, which works out to about 200 a day.

FDA Approves Powerful New Opioid Despite Criticisms

FDA Approves Powerful New Opioid Despite Criticisms

Ruling against the recommendation of one of its chief experts, the US Food and Drug Administration approved an extremely potent new opioid painkiller, Dsuvia.

These Tools May Help Providers and Policymakers to Address the Opioid Crisis

These Tools May Help Providers and Policymakers to Address the Opioid Crisis

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The Stopping the Transmission of Opioids to the Next Generation tool allows clinicians treating women of childbearing age with opioid use disorder to estimate risks associated with pregnancies in this patient population.

Opioid Use Often Persists in Workers' Compensation Claimants

Opioid Use Often Persists in Workers' Compensation Claimants

Many patients in a workers' compensation cohort have persistent opioid use.

Cannabis Use in Adolescence Associated With Poorer Mental Health Outcomes

Cannabis Use in Adolescence Associated With Poorer Mental Health Outcomes

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These results provide strong evidence for the deleterious and prolonged effects of cannabis use in adolescence.

The Unintended Consequences of the CDC Opioid Guideline According to Pain Management Specialists

The Unintended Consequences of the CDC Opioid Guideline According to Pain Management Specialists

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The guideline formulated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in an effort to curb opioid overdose-related deaths included a recommendation for steep reductions in opioid doses for patients taking high doses of the drug for chronic pain.

Red Cross Releases Online Course on How to Respond to an Opioid Overdose

Red Cross Releases Online Course on How to Respond to an Opioid Overdose

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The training has information on how to use several products including a nasal atomizer, Narcan Nasal Spray and Evzio.

Nonopioid Lofexidine Safe and Effective for Managing Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome

Nonopioid Lofexidine Safe and Effective for Managing Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome

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Lofexidine may expand the treatment options available for managing withdrawal when buprenorphine and methadone are unavailable or undesirable.

Bill to Fight US Opioid Crisis Signed Into Law

Bill to Fight US Opioid Crisis Signed Into Law

A bipartisan bill meant to combat the United States' opioid abuse epidemic was signed into law October 24 by President Donald Trump.

Adolescent, Young Adult Pod-Based E-Cigarette Use Up

Adolescent, Young Adult Pod-Based E-Cigarette Use Up

Adolescents are increasingly using e-cigarette products such as pod-based systems but have misperceptions and lack of knowledge about these products.

Recreational Marijuana Now Legal in Canada

Recreational Marijuana Now Legal in Canada

Recreational marijuana recently became legal in Canada, and while many welcome the move, others have serious concerns.

Independent and Combined Tobacco and Alcohol Use Associated With Suicide Risk

Independent and Combined Tobacco and Alcohol Use Associated With Suicide Risk

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Regardless of sex, current smokers with AUDIT scores ≥20 were at the highest risk for suicide in analyses, although men more frequently exhibited suicidal behaviors.

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

Associations Among Gender Nonconformity, Mental Distress, and Substance Use Among High School Students

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These findings demonstrate the importance of developing support systems within schools for gender-nonconforming students.

Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

Daily Drinking Associated With Increased Mortality Risk

Daily drinking, even at low levels, may be detrimental to one's health.

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by "Pod Mods"

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by "Pod Mods"

"Pod mods," which are small, rechargeable devices that aerosolize liquid solutions containing nicotine encapsulated in cartridges, pose a danger to adolescent users.

Opioid Bill Gets Bipartisan Support

Opioid Bill Gets Bipartisan Support

In a rare bipartisan move, both the House and Senate have reached a compromise on legislation to address the opioid epidemic.

Managing Comorbid Opioid and Alcohol Use Disorder

Managing Comorbid Opioid and Alcohol Use Disorder

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When alcohol and opioid addiction occur together, managing them concomitantly becomes challenging. Whereas some patients may not need medication for alcohol addiction, opioid abuse does require pharmacotherapy.

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

Pain, Depression, and Opioid Misuse May Be Associated With Drug Overdoses

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Pain conditions may largely be underrecognized contributors to the overdose epidemic.

Age of Alcohol Initiation Related to Psychiatric Symptoms for Girls

Age of Alcohol Initiation Related to Psychiatric Symptoms for Girls

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Girls with an earlier age of alcohol initiation appear to be at a higher risk for PTSD, anxiety, and depression symptoms after an interpersonal life trauma.

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

Nondaily Cigarette Use Increasing Among Individuals With Mental Health, Substance Use Disorders

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Future public health interventions developed for cigarette use must accommodate individuals with mental health and substance use disorders.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

Calling the use of electronic cigarettes a burgeoning epidemic among teens, the FDA announced a crackdown on the sale of Juuls and other flavored e-cigarette devices to minors.

One in seven U.S. adults used marijuana in 2017

Adults aged 18 to 34 had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups. A small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.

Clinical guidelines may lead to better prescribing practices

Following clinical guidelines release, decreases were observed in the overall rate of opioid prescribing.

Prazosin May Be Effective as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

Prazosin May Be Effective as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

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This research provides preliminary support for the use of prazosin in the treatment of alcohol use disorder.

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

Risk Factors for Recurrent Suicide Attempts in Substance Use Disorder Outpatients

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Researchers sought to identify risk factors for recurrent suicide attempts, controlling for gender and addictive substance exposure.

Depression May Partially Mediate the Relationship Between PTSD and Opioid Misuse

Depression May Partially Mediate the Relationship Between PTSD and Opioid Misuse

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Depression may partially mediate the association between post-traumatic stress disorder and opioid misuse.

Circadian Clock Genes Associated With Alcohol Dependence in Men

Circadian Clock Genes Associated With Alcohol Dependence in Men

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Researchers confirmed the existence of a direct link between clock genes and 2 comorbid diseases, as well as the genetic predisposition for alcohol abuse.

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

Naloxone Rarely Administered by Layperson in Opioid Deaths

From July 2016 to June 2017, bystanders were documented in 44% of opioid overdose deaths, but naloxone was rarely administered by a layperson.

FDA Approves New Treatment for Opioid Dependence

FDA Approves New Treatment for Opioid Dependence

Cassipa, a film designed to be placed under the tongue, has been approved to treat opioid dependence, the US FDA said in a news release.

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Oxycontin's Maker Now Selling Drug to Curb Opioid Addiction

Purdue Pharma, the maker of Oxycontin who some have blamed for the epidemic of opioid painkiller addictions, has patented a medicine aimed at curbing those disorders.

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