Addiction

Antidepressant Adherence Associated With Cessation of Long-term Prescription Opioid Use

Antidepressant Adherence Associated With Cessation of Long-term Prescription Opioid Use

Antidepressant medication adherence is linked with cessation of opioid use.

Drinkers Often Unsuccessful at Reducing Alcohol Use Despite Motivation

Drinkers Often Unsuccessful at Reducing Alcohol Use Despite Motivation

Not many high-risk individuals who are motivated to reduce alcohol comsumption are successful after 6 months.

Aberrant Drug Behaviors, Pain Catastrophizing Reduced With Web-Based Program

Aberrant Drug Behaviors, Pain Catastrophizing Reduced With Web-Based Program

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Aberrant drug-related behavior was found to be reduced in patients receiving the web-based program in addition to standard care compared with standard care alone.

Cannabis Use Associated With Subsequent Psychotic Experiences in Adolescents

Cannabis Use Associated With Subsequent Psychotic Experiences in Adolescents

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Both early-onset cannabis users and late-onset cannabis users had an increased risk for psychotic experiences at age 18.

Effects of Depression, Alcohol Use on Retention in Antiretroviral Therapy

Effects of Depression, Alcohol Use on Retention in Antiretroviral Therapy

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Alcohol use disorder and depression were both associated with higher disengagement from antiretroviral therapy for patients with HIV.

Effects of Parents Supplying Alcohol to Adolescents

Effects of Parents Supplying Alcohol to Adolescents

Parents should be advised that this practice is associated with risk, both directly and indirectly through increased access to alcohol from other sources.

Presence of Prescription Opioids May Increase Risk of Initiation in Household Members

Presence of Prescription Opioids May Increase Risk of Initiation in Household Members

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Prescription opioids kept in the household may increase the risk for opioid initiation in co-residents.

Prevalence of Tobacco Use in Veterans

Prevalence of Tobacco Use in Veterans

Current use of 1 of 5 tobacco products is reported by almost 30% of veterans.

Smoking Cessation Medication Associated With Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Events

Smoking Cessation Medication Associated With Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Events

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There was a higher risk of cardiovascular events linked with the smoking cessation treatment, varenicline.

Rarity of Late-Onset ADHD: Symptoms Linked to Other Causes

Rarity of Late-Onset ADHD: Symptoms Linked to Other Causes

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Although late-onset ADHD may be a valid diagnosis for some, clinicians should carefully evaluate patients' psychiatric history for other causes.

Varenicline Reduces Heavy Drinking, Cigarette Smoking in Men With Alcohol Use Disorder

Varenicline Reduces Heavy Drinking, Cigarette Smoking in Men With Alcohol Use Disorder

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Varenicline may have a role in the treatment of alcohol use disorder in men who smoke cigarettes.

Managing Comorbid Bipolar Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder: Clinical Challenges and Conundrums

Managing Comorbid Bipolar Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder: Clinical Challenges and Conundrums

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The frequent comorbidity of bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder presents a significant challenge for clinicians managing patients with these conditions.

Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone for Opioid Overdose

Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone for Opioid Overdose

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Intranasal naloxone was shown to have similar efficacy and tolerability as intramuscular naloxone.

Cannabis Use in Adolescence May Mediate Future Hypomania

Cannabis Use in Adolescence May Mediate Future Hypomania

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Frequent cannabis use was associated with subsequent hypomania.

Risk for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Methadone vs Buprenorphine During Pregnancy

Risk for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: Methadone vs Buprenorphine During Pregnancy

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Methadone exposure in utero was shown to have an increased risk of neonatal abstinence syndrome compared with buprenorphine.

Opioid Agonist Treatment Provides Greater Benefits Than Standard of Care

Opioid Agonist Treatment Provides Greater Benefits Than Standard of Care

For patients with opioid use disorder, immediate access to opioid agonist treatment may provide cost-effective health benefits.

FDA Approval: Once-Monthly Buprenorphine Injection for Opioid Use Disorder

FDA Approval: Once-Monthly Buprenorphine Injection for Opioid Use Disorder

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The FDA has announced the approval of Sublocade for the treatment of moderate to severe opioid use disorder.

Clinton Foundation: Recommendations to Address the Opioid Epidemic

Clinton Foundation: Recommendations to Address the Opioid Epidemic

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The Clinton Foundation's Health Matters Initiative, in partnership with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, issued a report providing 49 recommendations under 10 topic areas on how to address the opioid crisis.

Higher Risk of Heroin, Prescription Opioid Overdose Death in Baby Boomers

Higher Risk of Heroin, Prescription Opioid Overdose Death in Baby Boomers

There is a higher risk of prescription opioid overdose death for people born between 1947 and 1964.

Gene Linked to Increased Risk of Nicotine Dependence Identified

Gene Linked to Increased Risk of Nicotine Dependence Identified

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Researchers identified a DNA variant—located in the DNMT3B gene—that increases likelihood of nicotine dependence. The variant is commonly found in people of European and African descent. The discovery could create possibilities into new research for nicotine addiction treatments.

Opioid Manufacturers Must Provide Extensive Training to Physicians

Opioid Manufacturers Must Provide Extensive Training to Physicians

Extensive training on opioids is now required for US doctors.

Low Opioid Use in Veterans With Recent Traumatic Brain Injury

Low Opioid Use in Veterans With Recent Traumatic Brain Injury

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Veterans diagnosed with TBI don't use opioids very often.

Decrease in WHO Drinking Risk Level Significantly Reduces Alcohol Dependence

Decrease in WHO Drinking Risk Level Significantly Reduces Alcohol Dependence

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These results support the use of reductions in WHO drinking risk levels as an efficacy outcome in clinical trials.

New Study Compares Opioid Dependence Relapse Treatments

New Study Compares Opioid Dependence Relapse Treatments

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Once a month Vivitrol was found to be non-inferior to daily buprenorphine-naloxone for preventing relapse to opioid dependence.

Buprenorphine, Methadone Combined With CNS Depressants May Lead to SAEs

Buprenorphine, Methadone Combined With CNS Depressants May Lead to SAEs

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Clinicians must be aware of strategies in order to effectively handle patients receiving these drug regimens.

Alcohol Treatment Navigator Identifies Proper Care for Alcohol Use Disorder

Alcohol Treatment Navigator Identifies Proper Care for Alcohol Use Disorder

The NIAAA came up with a new online resource to help find care for alcohol use disorder.

Chronic Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms Occur Regardless of Social Status

Chronic Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms Occur Regardless of Social Status

In patients with chronic alcohol-use disorder, electrolyte disturbances and acid-base disorders are common.

Do Ophthalmologists Demonstrate Discretion When Prescribing Opioids?

Do Ophthalmologists Demonstrate Discretion When Prescribing Opioids?

Many ophthalmologists won't write more than 10 opioid prescriptions a year.

High Number of Drug-Poisoning Deaths Related to Opioid Abuse

High Number of Drug-Poisoning Deaths Related to Opioid Abuse

A loss of 0.28 years in life expectancy has been because of drug-poisoning deaths.

Battling the Opioid Epidemic: Do Abuse-Deterrent Formulations Work?

Battling the Opioid Epidemic: Do Abuse-Deterrent Formulations Work?

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Abuse-deterrent opioid formulations are not the most effective way to solve the opioid crisis.

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