Addiction

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Options for Chronic Back Pain

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Options for Chronic Back Pain

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Cognitive behavioral therapy was shown to improve pain and function in patients with a number of pain modalities.

Fentanyl Responsible For Over Half of All Drug Overdose Deaths

Fentanyl Responsible For Over Half of All Drug Overdose Deaths

More than half of all drug overdose deaths may be caused by fentanyl.

Cost-Efficient Management of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Is Needed

Cost-Efficient Management of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Is Needed

Rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) have risen dramatically in recent years.

Opioid Misuse Among Women Following Cesarean Sections

Opioid Misuse Among Women Following Cesarean Sections

Following C-section, women were prescribed roughly twice as many pills as they used.

Worse Psychological Profile for Patients on Migraine Medication Who Relapse

Worse Psychological Profile for Patients on Migraine Medication Who Relapse

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Patients who frequently relapse into overuse following withdrawal have a worse clinical and psychological profile than patients who relapse less frequently.

Adult Children of Alcoholics: Healing Lifelong Scars

Adult Children of Alcoholics: Healing Lifelong Scars

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Alcoholism can have a deleterious effect on interpersonal relationships, including romantic partners, friends, and coworkers.

APA: Americans Believe Treatment, Not Punishment, Best for Opioid Crisis

APA: Americans Believe Treatment, Not Punishment, Best for Opioid Crisis

A poll found 58% in favor of prioritizing access to treatment; 26% in favor of more punishment.

Illicit Marijuana Use Increased in States With Legal Medical Use

Illicit Marijuana Use Increased in States With Legal Medical Use

Cannabis use disorder is also rising faster in states that have legalized marjiuana.

Suicide Attempts, Sleep Disturbance Associated With Internet Addiction

Suicide Attempts, Sleep Disturbance Associated With Internet Addiction

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Suicide attempts and sleep in adults are associated with Internet addiction.

Substance Abuse Has Strong Effect on Huntington's Disease Motor Symptom Onset

Substance Abuse Has Strong Effect on Huntington's Disease Motor Symptom Onset

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Substance abuse has a strong effect on the age of onset of motor symptoms in Huntington's disease.

Postoperative Pain as a Spectrum: Treatment Strategies

Postoperative Pain as a Spectrum: Treatment Strategies

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Post-surgery pain is a continuum with no clear delineation.

Substance Use Disorders: How Physicians Can Help Patients

Substance Use Disorders: How Physicians Can Help Patients

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Substance use disorder is a treatable, chronic medical condition.

Addiction's Toll Hits Close to Home

Addiction's Toll Hits Close to Home

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The accidental death by overdose of a friend adds new perspective for someone working in addiction medicine.

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: Analysis of Psychosocial Interventions

Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: Analysis of Psychosocial Interventions

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Effective methods to curb smoking during pregnancy include counseling, feedback, and monetary incentives.

Alcohol Abuse in Patients With Bipolar Disorder May Be Treatable

Alcohol Abuse in Patients With Bipolar Disorder May Be Treatable

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Two OTC supplements may improve brain function and mood control in patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

Cocaine Use Up For First Time in a Decade

Cocaine Use Up For First Time in a Decade

Cocaine use rates are skyrocketing in the U.S for the first time in a decade.

Opioid Use Disorder Treatment in Teens Should Increase Use of Medication Therapy

Opioid Use Disorder Treatment in Teens Should Increase Use of Medication Therapy

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Few adolescents receive methadone or buprenorphine for opioid addiction.

Alcohol Use Disorder Diagnosis Stable From DSM-IV to DSM-5

Alcohol Use Disorder Diagnosis Stable From DSM-IV to DSM-5

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The diagnostic criteria for alcohol use disorder in the DSM-5 and DSM-IV match up clinically.

Opioid Cravings Reduced by Medication from ER Visits

Opioid Cravings Reduced by Medication from ER Visits

Patients addicted to opioids treated in a hospital emergency department do better when they receive medication to reduce opioid cravings.

Opioid Weaning for Pediatric Patients

Opioid Weaning for Pediatric Patients

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Weaning from continuous opioid infusion can result in withdrawal and associated adverse effects.

Identifying Patients Who Need Higher Methadone Doses

Identifying Patients Who Need Higher Methadone Doses

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Polymorphism at the level of drug receptors, transporters, or other proteins involved in drug metabolism or action may dampen a drug's efficacy or increase its toxicity.

Opioid Use Growing Among Pregnant Women

Opioid Use Growing Among Pregnant Women

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The increase in cases of neonatal abstinence syndrome corresponds with the reported rise in opioid use during pregnancy.

Rapid Increase in Opioid Dose Increases Risk of New-Onset Depression

Rapid Increase in Opioid Dose Increases Risk of New-Onset Depression

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Dose escalation may be a proxy for loss of control or undetected abuse known to be associated with depression.

Naltrexone-Assisted Detox vs Buprenorphine Taper for Opioid Dependence

Naltrexone-Assisted Detox vs Buprenorphine Taper for Opioid Dependence

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Researchers compared 2 treatment methods in 150 individuals seeking outpatient treatment for prescription opioid or heroin dependence.

Health Effects and Therapeutic Benefits of Cannabis

Health Effects and Therapeutic Benefits of Cannabis

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A National Academy of Sciences study looks at the health risks and benefits of cannabis.

Facebook Addiction Associated With Social Insecurity

Facebook Addiction Associated With Social Insecurity

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Physicians who deem Facebook use compulsive should prescribe taking a 1-week break.

Substance Abuse Associated With Greater Risk of Adolescent Firearm Homicide

Substance Abuse Associated With Greater Risk of Adolescent Firearm Homicide

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Firearm violence disproportionately affects adolescents in minority populations in large US cities.

Uncovering Undiagnosed HIV in Heterosexuals: Examining Behavioral Intervention

Uncovering Undiagnosed HIV in Heterosexuals: Examining Behavioral Intervention

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Barriers to HIV testing include distrust of medical settings, fear of HIV stigma, and substance use problems.

Expert Opinion on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

Expert Opinion on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

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If we invest in evidence-based addiction treatment that is invested in the dignity of every person who needs that treatment, many more people will find themselves ready to seek it out.

Drug Combo For Quitting Smoking That Minimizes Weight Gain

Drug Combo For Quitting Smoking That Minimizes Weight Gain

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Researchers found that lorcaserin combined with varenicline minimized weight gain and waist circumference increases.

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