Addiction

Alcohol Use Disorder Diagnosis Stable From DSM-IV to DSM-5

Alcohol Use Disorder Diagnosis Stable From DSM-IV to DSM-5

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The diagnostic criteria for alcohol use disorder in the DSM-5 and DSM-IV match up clinically.

Opioid Cravings Reduced by Medication from ER Visits

Opioid Cravings Reduced by Medication from ER Visits

Patients addicted to opioids treated in a hospital emergency department do better when they receive medication to reduce opioid cravings.

Opioid Weaning for Pediatric Patients

Opioid Weaning for Pediatric Patients

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Weaning from continuous opioid infusion can result in withdrawal and associated adverse effects.

Identifying Patients Who Need Higher Methadone Doses

Identifying Patients Who Need Higher Methadone Doses

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Polymorphism at the level of drug receptors, transporters, or other proteins involved in drug metabolism or action may dampen a drug's efficacy or increase its toxicity.

Opioid Use Growing Among Pregnant Women

Opioid Use Growing Among Pregnant Women

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The increase in cases of neonatal abstinence syndrome corresponds with the reported rise in opioid use during pregnancy.

Rapid Increase in Opioid Dose Increases Risk of New-Onset Depression

Rapid Increase in Opioid Dose Increases Risk of New-Onset Depression

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Dose escalation may be a proxy for loss of control or undetected abuse known to be associated with depression.

Naltrexone-Assisted Detox vs Buprenorphine Taper for Opioid Dependence

Naltrexone-Assisted Detox vs Buprenorphine Taper for Opioid Dependence

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Researchers compared 2 treatment methods in 150 individuals seeking outpatient treatment for prescription opioid or heroin dependence.

Health Effects and Therapeutic Benefits of Cannabis

Health Effects and Therapeutic Benefits of Cannabis

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A National Academy of Sciences study looks at the health risks and benefits of cannabis.

Facebook Addiction Associated With Social Insecurity

Facebook Addiction Associated With Social Insecurity

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Physicians who deem Facebook use compulsive should prescribe taking a 1-week break.

Substance Abuse Associated With Greater Risk of Adolescent Firearm Homicide

Substance Abuse Associated With Greater Risk of Adolescent Firearm Homicide

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Firearm violence disproportionately affects adolescents in minority populations in large US cities.

Uncovering Undiagnosed HIV in Heterosexuals: Examining Behavioral Intervention

Uncovering Undiagnosed HIV in Heterosexuals: Examining Behavioral Intervention

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Barriers to HIV testing include distrust of medical settings, fear of HIV stigma, and substance use problems.

Expert Opinion on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

Expert Opinion on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

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If we invest in evidence-based addiction treatment that is invested in the dignity of every person who needs that treatment, many more people will find themselves ready to seek it out.

Drug Combo For Quitting Smoking That Minimizes Weight Gain

Drug Combo For Quitting Smoking That Minimizes Weight Gain

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Researchers found that lorcaserin combined with varenicline minimized weight gain and waist circumference increases.

AHA: Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Increases Atherosclerosis Risk

AHA: Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Increases Atherosclerosis Risk

The extent of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure was linked to atherosclerosis in asymptomatic never smokers.

AMA Highlights Addressing Patients' Shame in Opioid Disorders

AMA Highlights Addressing Patients' Shame in Opioid Disorders

A webinar on patient shame forms part of the Prescribers' Clinical Support System for Opioid Therapies.

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Self-harm has been the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado between 2004 and 2012.

Crystal Structure of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Determined: Implications for Managing Pain

Crystal Structure of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Determined: Implications for Managing Pain

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The crystal structure may provide inspiration for designing drugs that refine efficacy and avoid adverse events.

Half of Americans Have Chronic Health Condition or Mental Illness

Half of Americans Have Chronic Health Condition or Mental Illness

Chronic medical conditions, mental illness, and substance abuse problems often overlap.

Usage of Smoking Cessation Medication Influenced By Medicaid Policies

Usage of Smoking Cessation Medication Influenced By Medicaid Policies

Researchers found a reduction in smoking cessation medications when counseling was required to obtain them.

3 Initiatives To Address the Opioid Epidemic

3 Initiatives To Address the Opioid Epidemic

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We explore 3 initiatives that include guidelines and recommendations for CRNAs, physicians, and policymakers.

Psych Meds Rx May Reduce Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Psych Meds Rx May Reduce Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Medications used to treat addiction cut the risk of reoffending in half.

Opioid Poisonings Rising Dramatically in Children, Teens

Opioid Poisonings Rising Dramatically in Children, Teens

In children aged 10 to 14, poisonings from suicide or self-inflicted injury rose 37% and accidental poisoning increased 82%.

Neurological Assessment Benefits Addiction Disorder Treatment

Neurological Assessment Benefits Addiction Disorder Treatment

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Use of the Addictions Neuroclinical Assessment in a clinical setting can allow clinicians to tailor addiction treatment.

Gender Differences in Alcohol Use Disappearing

Gender Differences in Alcohol Use Disappearing

Females are also closing the gender gap with regard to health problems associated with alcohol consumption.

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Researchers found only 1 percent of patients prescribed medication still took opioids one year after hospital discharge.

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

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Acute exposure to ethanol led to antidepressant and anxiolytic behaviors in rodents for up to 24 hours.

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Compared with men who never used tobacco, those who used snus but did not smoke had a 24% higher risk of death from prostate cancer.

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Researchers find heavy users have lower bone density than cigarette smokers.

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

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Autism is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder that is approximately 4 times more prevalent in males than females.

Listing Kratom As Schedule I Will Impede Research Opportunities

Listing Kratom As Schedule I Will Impede Research Opportunities

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The DEA's plan to list kratom as a Schedule I controlled substance would make researching the possible opioid substitute much more difficult.

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