Addiction

Expert Opinion on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

Expert Opinion on the Surgeon General's Report on Addiction

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If we invest in evidence-based addiction treatment that is invested in the dignity of every person who needs that treatment, many more people will find themselves ready to seek it out.

Drug Combo For Quitting Smoking That Minimizes Weight Gain

Drug Combo For Quitting Smoking That Minimizes Weight Gain

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Researchers found that lorcaserin combined with varenicline minimized weight gain and waist circumference increases.

AHA: Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Increases Atherosclerosis Risk

AHA: Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Increases Atherosclerosis Risk

The extent of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure was linked to atherosclerosis in asymptomatic never smokers.

AMA Highlights Addressing Patients' Shame in Opioid Disorders

AMA Highlights Addressing Patients' Shame in Opioid Disorders

A webinar on patient shame forms part of the Prescribers' Clinical Support System for Opioid Therapies.

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Overdoses, Suicides Now Leading Causes of Pregnancy-Related Mortality

Self-harm has been the leading cause of pregnancy-related deaths in Colorado between 2004 and 2012.

Crystal Structure of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Determined: Implications for Managing Pain

Crystal Structure of Cannabinoid Receptor 1 Determined: Implications for Managing Pain

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The crystal structure may provide inspiration for designing drugs that refine efficacy and avoid adverse events.

Half of Americans Have Chronic Health Condition or Mental Illness

Half of Americans Have Chronic Health Condition or Mental Illness

Chronic medical conditions, mental illness, and substance abuse problems often overlap.

Usage of Smoking Cessation Medication Influenced By Medicaid Policies

Usage of Smoking Cessation Medication Influenced By Medicaid Policies

Researchers found a reduction in smoking cessation medications when counseling was required to obtain them.

3 Initiatives To Address the Opioid Epidemic

3 Initiatives To Address the Opioid Epidemic

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We explore 3 initiatives that include guidelines and recommendations for CRNAs, physicians, and policymakers.

Psych Meds Rx May Reduce Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Psych Meds Rx May Reduce Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Medications used to treat addiction cut the risk of reoffending in half.

Opioid Poisonings Rising Dramatically in Children, Teens

Opioid Poisonings Rising Dramatically in Children, Teens

In children aged 10 to 14, poisonings from suicide or self-inflicted injury rose 37% and accidental poisoning increased 82%.

Neurological Assessment Benefits Addiction Disorder Treatment

Neurological Assessment Benefits Addiction Disorder Treatment

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Use of the Addictions Neuroclinical Assessment in a clinical setting can allow clinicians to tailor addiction treatment.

Gender Differences in Alcohol Use Disappearing

Gender Differences in Alcohol Use Disappearing

Females are also closing the gender gap with regard to health problems associated with alcohol consumption.

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Traumatic Injury Not a Significant Driver for Continued Opioid Use

Researchers found only 1 percent of patients prescribed medication still took opioids one year after hospital discharge.

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

Mechanism of Rapid Antidepressant Effect of Alcohol Elucidated

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Acute exposure to ethanol led to antidepressant and anxiolytic behaviors in rodents for up to 24 hours.

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Smokeless Tobacco Use Associated With Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality

Compared with men who never used tobacco, those who used snus but did not smoke had a 24% higher risk of death from prostate cancer.

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Reduced Bone Density Among Heavy Users of Cannabis

Researchers find heavy users have lower bone density than cigarette smokers.

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

Substance Use Disorders in Autism Revisited

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Autism is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder that is approximately 4 times more prevalent in males than females.

Listing Kratom As Schedule I Will Impede Research Opportunities

Listing Kratom As Schedule I Will Impede Research Opportunities

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The DEA's plan to list kratom as a Schedule I controlled substance would make researching the possible opioid substitute much more difficult.

Cigarette Smoking Predicts Development of Depression

Cigarette Smoking Predicts Development of Depression

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Cigarette smoking prevalence among persons with severe mental illness is approximately 3 times greater than the rate observed in the general population.

Global Burden of Disease Study 2015: Drug Abuse and Alzheimer Disease

Global Burden of Disease Study 2015: Drug Abuse and Alzheimer Disease

In America, deaths associated with opioid use increased more than five-fold over the past 25 years.

Alcohol Use Disorder Drug Shows Promise

Alcohol Use Disorder Drug Shows Promise

CDC rank alcohol-attributable mortality as the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

DEA Cutting Opioid Painkiller Production

DEA Cutting Opioid Painkiller Production

More than 6 million Americans older than 12 had illegally used prescription medications in the previous month.

FDA Starts App Competition To Help Reduce Overdose Mortality

FDA Starts App Competition To Help Reduce Overdose Mortality

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No application is currently available to connect carriers of naloxone with nearby opioid overdose victims.

Rise in Heroin Use and Prescription Opioid Abuse

Rise in Heroin Use and Prescription Opioid Abuse

Both medical and non-medical use of prescription opioid medications is associated with a higher risk for transitioning to heroin use.

Criticism of 12-Step Groups: Is It Warranted?

Criticism of 12-Step Groups: Is It Warranted?

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One topic of criticism is the relative dearth of scientific evidence regarding the efficacy of 12-step programs.

Effects of Limiting Physician Capacity to Rx Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder

Effects of Limiting Physician Capacity to Rx Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder

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Policy makers have prioritized increasing buprenorphine access to fight the opioid epidemic, but lack adequate information about how to do so effectively.

Examining Genetics to Identify Risks of Opioid Addiction

Examining Genetics to Identify Risks of Opioid Addiction

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More than 75% of individuals with a current opioid addiction diagnosis, as well as 28% of control participants, presented with an addiction risk score over 52. Researchers focused on single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with brain reward systems.

Internet Addiction May Signal Other Mental Health Issues

Internet Addiction May Signal Other Mental Health Issues

An over-reliance on the internet could indicate depression, anxiety, or impulsivity in college students.

Do Medical Marijuana Laws Impact Opioid Use, Abuse?

Do Medical Marijuana Laws Impact Opioid Use, Abuse?

A rise in overdose deaths is associated with overprescribing of opioid analgesic medications.

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